Mexico's Robust Foreign Policy in the 4T Era

Mexico's 4T foreign policy, led by President AMLO, prioritizes regional alliances and global peace efforts. Key roles in CELAC, Pacific Alliance, and proactive engagement with Latin America underscore its commitment. Challenges with the U.S., migration.

Mexico's Robust Foreign Policy in the 4T Era
Diplomatic complexities: Mexico engages with the U.S. on migration, trade, and energy, shaping its foreign policy in the 4T era.

In the midst of the Fourth Transformation (4T), Mexico has emerged as a key player on the global stage with a foreign policy characterized by a steadfast commitment to the principles of sovereignty and non-interference. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) has strategically positioned Mexico as a leader in various international forums, addressing critical issues from regional alliances to conflicts in distant lands. In this article, we delve into Mexico's diplomatic achievements, challenges, and ongoing efforts to navigate the complex web of international relations.

Regional Leadership: CELAC, Pacific Alliance, and Latin America

Mexico's diplomatic prowess has been on full display with its leadership roles in the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the Pacific Alliance. Holding the Pro Tempore Presidency of these organizations reflects Mexico's commitment to fostering collaboration and economic integration within the region. Notably, the proposal for an Alliance of Latin American and Caribbean Countries against Inflation highlights Mexico's dedication to addressing shared challenges collectively.

The strengthening of relations with Latin American nations, particularly under the former Argentinean Government led by Alberto Fernández, has been a cornerstone of Mexico's foreign policy. Collaborative efforts on matters of commercial exchange, phytosanitary measures, and a coordinated response to the COVID-19 pandemic underscore the depth of these relationships. The rescue of Evo Morales in Bolivia after a coup d'état and joint initiatives to industrialize lithium further solidify Mexico's commitment to regional stability and economic development.

Global Engagement: Ukraine, Central America, and Beyond

Beyond the borders of Latin America, Mexico has actively engaged in addressing global issues. AMLO's proposal for a peace plan in the war-torn region of Ukraine exemplifies Mexico's dedication to promoting global peace and stability. The President's visits to Central America, Cuba, Chile (for the anniversary of Salvador Allende's assassination), and Colombia underscore the country's commitment to fostering ties and addressing shared challenges across continents.

Mexico's relationship with the United States, its northern neighbor, remains a focal point of its foreign policy. While navigating issues such as migration, the free trade agreement, and disputes in the energy and food sectors, Mexico faces mounting pressure from energy companies and the agricultural sector. The prohibition of transgenic corn has led to tensions, and the labor sector under the Trade-Mexico-Canada Agreement (T-MEC) is facing increasing scrutiny, with seven dispute panels initiated since 2021.


Mexico's foreign policy in the 4T era is marked by a commitment to sovereignty, regional collaboration, and global engagement. As the country navigates challenges and opportunities on the international stage, its diplomatic efforts under President AMLO have positioned Mexico as a crucial player in shaping the future of Latin America and influencing global affairs. The intricacies of U.S.-Mexico relations, coupled with Mexico's role in addressing global conflicts, showcase the complexity and significance of the nation's foreign policy in the current geopolitical landscape.