Unveiling the Meaning and Rich Heritage of Mexiquense: The State of Mexico

Discover the rich culture and heritage of Mexiquense, the State of Mexico. Explore its vibrant festivals, famous landmarks, delicious cuisine, and traditional arts and crafts. Plan your visit and experience the unique blend of indigenous and Spanish influences for yourself.

Unveiling the Meaning and Rich Heritage of Mexiquense: The State of Mexico
Experience the colorful culture and traditions of Mexiquense in the town of Metepec. Image by Mike Ramírez Mx from Pixabay

Mexiquense refers to the people, culture, and traditions of the State of Mexico, which is located in Central Mexico. The region has a rich history and cultural heritage that dates back to pre-Columbian times. Mexiquense is a combination of the words Mexico and Xochiquetzal, which was the goddess of fertility, beauty, and female sexuality in Aztec mythology. In this article, we will explore the culture and heritage of Mexiquense and learn more about the people, traditions, and landmarks that make this region unique.

The People of Mexiquense

The State of Mexico is home to over 17 million people, making it the most populous state in Mexico. The people of Mexiquense are a mix of different ethnic groups, including the Nahua, Otomi, and Mazahua people. The region has a diverse cultural landscape, with a fusion of indigenous and Spanish influences.

The state is divided into 125 municipalities, each with its own distinct culture and traditions. Some of the most famous municipalities in Mexiquense include Toluca, Metepec, and Valle de Bravo. These cities are known for their rich cultural heritage, colonial architecture, and vibrant festivals.

Traditions and Festivals

Mexiquense is known for its colorful festivals and celebrations, which are a blend of pre-Columbian and Spanish traditions. One of the most famous festivals in the region is the Day of the Dead, which takes place on November 1st and 2nd. This festival is a time to honor deceased loved ones and celebrate the cycle of life and death.

Another famous festival in Mexiquense is the Feast of San Isidro Labrador, which is celebrated in the town of Metepec. This festival takes place in May and is dedicated to the patron saint of farmers. The celebration includes a procession, live music, and a traditional bullfight.

The city of Toluca is also known for its vibrant festivals, including the Feast of San Jose and the International Mariachi Festival. These festivals celebrate the region's culture and traditions through music, dance, and food.

Landmarks and Attractions

Mexiquense is home to several landmarks and attractions that draw visitors from all over the world. One of the most famous landmarks in the region is the Teotihuacan archaeological site. This ancient city was built by the Teotihuacan people around 100 BCE and is known for its impressive pyramids and temples. Visitors can explore the site and learn more about the history and culture of the Teotihuacan people.

Another popular attraction in Mexiquense is the Nevado de Toluca National Park. This park is located in the Sierra Nevada mountain range and is known for its stunning natural beauty. Visitors can hike through the park and enjoy views of the surrounding mountains, lakes, and forests.

The city of Toluca is also home to several museums, including the Museum of Anthropology and History and the Felipe Santiago Gutierrez Museum. These museums showcase the region's history and culture through artifacts, exhibits, and interactive displays.


Mexiquense is known for its delicious cuisine, which features a mix of pre-Columbian and Spanish influences. Some of the most popular dishes in the region include mole, tamales, and barbacoa. Mole is a rich sauce made from chili peppers, chocolate, and other spices, and is often served over chicken or beef. Tamales are a traditional Mexican dish made from corn dough and filled with meat, cheese, or vegetables. Barbacoa is a slow-cooked meat dish that is often served with tortillas and salsa.

In addition to these traditional dishes, Mexiquense is also known for its street food. Street food is a popular way to experience the region's cuisine and includes dishes like tacos, quesadillas, and elotes (corn on the cob). These dishes are often sold by vendors on the streets and in markets and are a must-try for visitors to the region.

Art and Crafts

Mexiquense is home to several traditional arts and crafts, including pottery, textiles, and wood carvings. The region has a long history of producing high-quality handicrafts, and many of these traditions are still practiced today.

The town of Metepec is known for its famous tree of life sculptures, which are brightly colored ceramic sculptures depicting scenes from Mexican folklore and history. These sculptures are made by skilled artisans using traditional techniques and are popular souvenirs for visitors to the region.

The town of Tenango de Doria is known for its colorful embroidery, which features bold designs and bright colors. This embroidery is often used to decorate clothing, tablecloths, and other textiles, and is a testament to the region's vibrant cultural heritage.

Final Thoughts

Mexiquense is a fascinating region with a rich history and cultural heritage. From its vibrant festivals and traditions to its stunning landmarks and attractions, there is something for everyone to enjoy in this region.

Whether you are a history buff, a foodie, or an art lover, there is plenty to explore and discover in Mexiquense. So why not plan a visit and experience the unique culture and traditions of this vibrant region for yourself?