Security and Migration Challenges in Mexico's 4T Era

In Mexico's 4T era, security gains are evident with a 24% reduction in federal crimes. The National Guard, a key player, has 128k personnel. However, migration challenges persist, with a 37.5% spike in entries, prompting a dual approach.

Security and Migration Challenges in Mexico's 4T Era
Migration dynamics: A 37.5% surge in entries between January and February 2023 underscores the complex challenges Mexico faces in the 4T era. Image by WikiImages from Pixabay

As Mexico strides through its Fourth Transformation (4T), marked by significant political and social shifts, the nation finds itself at a critical juncture dealing with the complex interplay of security concerns and the escalating issue of migration. While the administration grapples with the persistent challenge of drug-related crimes, it has also made noteworthy strides in reducing federal crimes. Simultaneously, the surge in migration, exacerbated by the global pandemic, poses an intricate challenge that demands a multifaceted response.

One of the prominent challenges facing Mexico is the persistent threat of drug trafficking, a menace that has gripped the nation for years. However, amidst the trials, there emerges a silver lining in the form of tangible progress in the realm of security during this six-year term. Federal crimes have witnessed a commendable reduction of 24%, with homicide, robbery, femicide, vehicle theft, and kidnapping experiencing notable declines of 17%, 26%, 29%, 44%, and 80%, respectively.

At the forefront of this security evolution stands the National Guard, established in 2019. With an impressive deployment of 128 thousand elements across the country and over 242 barracks strategically positioned, the National Guard has become a pivotal force in curbing criminal activities and safeguarding the nation.

While security triumphs paint a promising picture, the specter of migration looms large over Mexico, exacerbated by the relentless impact of the global pandemic. The statistics are telling: between January and February 2023 alone, over 7 million entry events were recorded, witnessing a staggering 37.5% increase from the same period in 2022. Of these, 6.1 million were foreigners, highlighting the gravity of the situation.

The administration's approach to migration is a nuanced one, acknowledging the importance of managing the immediate challenges and tackling the underlying causes. Efforts are being directed towards improving Mexico's socioeconomic conditions to discourage emigration. On the international front, the nation is engaging in development cooperation with Central American countries, fostering stability in the region. Additionally, bilateral cooperation with the United States is being leveraged to navigate the complexities of cross-border migration.

As Mexico navigates the turbulent waters of its Fourth Transformation, the delicate equilibrium between security concerns and the escalating migration challenges remains a pivotal focal point. The commendable strides in reducing federal crimes and the proactive measures taken to address the root causes of migration signal a government committed to steering the nation toward a safer and more prosperous future.