The Struggle for Independence and its Impact on Concordia

Celebrating its history, Concordia, Sinaloa carries a legacy that began during Mexico's struggle for independence. This legacy continues to evolve and shape its identity into the present day.

The Struggle for Independence and its Impact on Concordia
Concordia, Sinaloa, Mexico. Credit: Rebeca Velarde

During the tumultuous era of Mexico's fight for independence in the early 19th century, Concordia, a town in Sinaloa, played a modest but significant role. The forces of José María González de Hermosillo, dispatched by the prominent independence leader, Cura Hidalgo, descended upon the town in late December 1810.

Welcomed with fervor and joy by the insurgents and the local populace, the visit was a notable moment in the town's history. It was here that José de Jesús and Nicolás Hidalgo, kin of the Father of the Homeland, further strengthened the cause with their contribution of metals procured from the mines of Pánuco.

In the wake of independence, around 1825, the newly formed State underwent significant restructuring. Departments were created and subdivided into districts. Notably, the Department of San Sebastián comprised three parties: the eponymous head and two others located in Rosario and San Ignacio.

Concordia's historical narrative reveals a politically charged landscape, dominated by Masonic lodges, that culminated in a significant renaming. By decree of the Congress of the State of the West, a collective body constituted by Sonora and Sinaloa, Villa de San Sebastián ceased to exist. Instead, on September 5, 1828, the name of Ciudad Concordia was officially adopted, marking an emblematic shift in its identity.

Interestingly, without explicit direction, the district assumed the same name as its head, reflecting the intertwining of local and broader political landscapes. More recently, on July 4, 2019, a further distinction was added to its name: 'Heroica Ciudad Concordia,' according to decree number 5, issued by the City Council of the municipality.

The year 1830 marked another significant shift in regional politics, with the Congress of the Union declaring the definitive separation of Sonora and Sinaloa. As a result, Sinaloa was divided into eleven districts, one of which was Concordia. However, this division stripped Concordia of some of its jurisdiction, affecting Rosario, Mazatlán, and San Ignacio.

In an interesting historical footnote, the first Sinaloa legislature attempted to commemorate the insurgent spirit by naming each district after a key figure from the independence movement. Concordia was to be named after Hermenegildo Galeana. Nevertheless, this attempt to reshape Concordia's identity did not take hold.

The later part of the 19th century brought additional changes in the administrative structure. By 1852, it was mandated that each district establish a Political Headquarters. Less than a decade later, in 1861, the Prefectures were abolished and replaced with a system of town councils, mayoralties, and wards. Consequently, the District of Concordia was divided into four municipalities: Concordia itself, Aguacaliente, Pánuco, and Copala.

The history of Concordia, Sinaloa, is one of continual evolution and change. It offers a fascinating lens into the dynamics of regional Mexican politics and society during and after the struggle for independence. Its narrative is a testament to the powerful role of political restructuring in shaping a community's identity, a legacy still carried by the Heroica Ciudad Concordia today.

In-Text Citation: Brito Osuna, Rigoberto. Concordia, Libro- Guía De Turismo. 1st ed., Mexico, Secretaría De Turismo de Gobierno de México, 2020.