In Mexico, there are more than 120 million people and each one of them has a different name. The diversity of surnames is quite wide. Even though there are quite popular surnames, there are many other uncommon and strange ones that perhaps have never or rarely been heard.
Hernandez, Garcia, Martinez, Lopez, Gonzalez, Perez, Rodriguez, Sanchez, Ramirez, and Cruz are the most common and most used surnames among Mexicans, so very rarely do we think of meeting people with other types of surnames.
However, due to the universality that exists in the national territory and thanks to its rich cultural past, there may be Mexicans with quite rare surnames, as is the case of one that only less than 20 people in the country have.
According to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi), the rarest surname that exists in Mexico is nothing more and nothing less than Zugasti. This surname is only carried by 20 people in the entire national territory, which has Basque origin and means a grove of elm trees.
Zugasti ranks last out of a total of 10,767 surnames registered in that period. However, other uncommon surnames used in Mexico also include Zosaya, Zecuatl, Xospa, Xijum, Waldestran, Vleeschower, Tejalcingo, Tintos, Suzuki, and Saltijeral.
Other rare surnames in Mexico
The surname Freeman
The last Dean King of Arms, Don Vicente Cadenas y Vicent, put together and published a list of the last names that have the certificate of nobility, which is given by some of the Spanish Kings of Arms.
Regarding the Freeman surname, the first King of Arms to certify its nobility was Don José de Rújula y Ochotorena, Marquis of Ciandocha, Dean of the King Chroniclers of Arms.
In such a way that Freeman is a surname that abounds in Spain, and it can be found especially in the following Spanish regions: Alicante, Malaga, Murcia, Illes Balears, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Almeria, and Huelva. Therefore, it can be deduced that some Spanish people married Mexicans, and thus the surname was registered in the INEGI system as an uncommon one.
The surname Calzonci
The surname Calzonci is older than previously thought, since it comes from calzoncit or caltzontzin of the Purepecha or Tarascan culture, to name their rulers. Remember that the Purepecha culture developed in the Mexican state of Michoacán, reaching its splendor during the XV and XVI centuries.
Caltzontzin was the one who exercised the highest economic, legal, and religious authority. His position was privileged because he was considered the representative of the gods. He could assign partialities to the territories of his domain in the way he considered appropriate.
To help his government, he designated the local chiefs of each town. The caltzontzin usually gave his job to his direct descendants or other close relatives.
The surname Luján
According to data from the Valencian Heraldry, Luján is a toponymic surname of Aragonese origin, relatively frequent and spread throughout Spain, being registered mainly in La Mancha, Valencia, Murcia, Aragon, eastern Andalusia, and Catalonia.
It comes from the toponym Luján-Aluján, which is the name of a town belonging to the municipality of La Fueva, in the province of Huesca. Its root would be in the low Latin luxare, which means elegant or brilliant.
On the other hand, the most popular surnames in our country were: in the number one position, the surname Hernández, which is used by 671 thousand 972 people, in the number two position, the surname García which is used by 458 thousand 788 people, in the number three position, the surname Martínez, which was registered by 447 thousand 73 people, followed by López, used by 412 thousand 247 people; and finally González, used by 352 thousand 650 people.