In Mexico, in 2020 there were 7,818 deaths by suicide. According to data from INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography), the most affected group was young people between 18 and 29 years old, while men are the ones who die the most from this cause.
According to specialists, in the world, suicide is a mental health problem that affects young people and adolescents the most. One person commits suicide every 40 seconds. And although there are more suicide attempts in women, they are less lethal.
Experts from the UNAM reveal that in men, the most common method used to commit suicide is hanging, followed by the use of a weapon and throwing oneself into the void. Women use higher doses of psychiatric drugs or other types of medication.
Other data provided by the specialists is that men over 45 years of age (especially the elderly) who have no support network (they are single or widowed), as well as people who are part of the gender diversity, other than heterosexual, are at higher risk of suicide. Among women, the risk is higher for those who are married and have children.
The young population is the most vulnerable to suicide. In Mexico and the world, the risk of suicide remains constant. It is currently the fourth leading cause of death in young people and by 2029 it is estimated that it will be the second leading cause of youth mortality.
National Suicide Prevention Program
Since 2020, Mexico has had a National Suicide Prevention Program (Programa Nacional para la Prevencion del Suicidio
(PNPS) that standardizes activities and strategies throughout the country.
The objective of the National Program for Suicide Prevention (PNPS) is to establish intersectoral intervention mechanisms to attend to people who seek care for suicidal behavior.
There are risk factors for committing suicide such as loss of a family member, partner, job, low economic solvency, violence, isolation, emotional pain, abuse or neglect, natural disasters, armed conflicts, stigma, chronic pain, trauma, abuse, and discrimination, among others.
Where to go for help?
To ask for help, the following numbers are available, where you can receive counseling, information, or other mental health concerns:
-Línea de la Vida (800 911 2000), Whatsapp Contacto Joven Imjuve (55 7211 2009).
-National School of Nursing and Midwifery (800 461 0098)
-UNAM Psychology Hotline (55 5025 0855)
-Psychiatry and Mental Health UNAM (55 5623 2127).