The Jalisco Film Commission, together with the Government of Jalisco, informed that the capital of Jalisco will serve as the setting for the filming of a series on Pancho Villa, a project that will mean an economic benefit of more than 100 million pesos.

The agency highlighted that this type of projects developed in Jalisco are key to making the State an "attractive and competitive" film destination, for which reason the Jalisco Film Commission has held meetings with a production company that creates content for an entertainment platform, with the objective of making Jalisco the location for the filming of the series on the life of Pancho Villa.

They informed that the Government Palace will be one of the places where scenes will be filmed, and in view of this project, the Governor of Jalisco, spoke with the production team integrated by Ivonne Niño, executive director of the filming, to whom he informed of the current administration's commitment to turn Jalisco into a film destination, attracting job creation, economic spillover, promotion of the state and experience in the Jalisco audiovisual cluster.

"We are very proud that they have seen in Jalisco a place where projects can be developed, it is a state with all kinds of locations, a great city that also allows this type of projects to be viable; this series is part of the great promotion of our state as an international venue for audiovisual production, we are making a big bet," shared the state president.

Ivonne Niño highlighted the facilities that the production of the series has had to shoot scenes and to be able to highlight the buildings and sites of Jalisco: "We are very grateful to the entire production for the openness that the Government of the State of Jalisco and the Film Commission have had, to encourage audiovisual production in the country. This is the first time we have been to Jalisco because of the striking locations it has, the capacity of the local talent, and it has been a great surprise for us that 80 percent of the actors are from Jalisco," said the producer.

The economic spillover generated by the series will be reflected in the generation of new direct and indirect jobs, mainly in the rental of specialized film equipment, the hiring of production service personnel, tourism, and commerce. The series will narrate the life of Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution and will be filmed in various locations in the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area, the interior of the State of Jalisco, and the historic center of the city.

The day Pancho Villa invaded the U.S.

On March 9, 1916, 600 militiamen belonging to the Northern Division led by General Francisco Villa crossed the Mexican border into the United States and attacked the border town of Columbus. It was the only time in North American history that a Latin American army attacked its territory.

The hardened Villa's troops threw themselves against a military detachment and after 6 hours of combat they were repulsed towards Mexico, in what became known as the Battle of Columbus. Villa's followers captured 80 horses, 30 mules, and 300 rifles; they set fire to a hotel and killed eight U.S. soldiers and ten civilians.

In response, the U.S. government sent on March 14, 1916, the Punitive Expedition headed by General John J. Pershing, initially composed of almost five thousand soldiers that were increased to ten thousand. Former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and General George Patton, U.S. military leaders in World War II, were part of the expedition whose objective was to capture Villa to be tried in U.S. territory as a bandit. The expedition will end disastrously in February 1917, without having achieved the objective of capturing the leader of the revolutionary peasants in the state of Chihuahua and having resented the political relations with the then-president Venustiano Carranza.

The invasion of Villa's forces to Columbus was Pancho Villa's response to the North American support to Carranza in the civil war and had a particular component of revenge which was to capture and shoot Sam Ravel, a North American arms dealer who had swindled Villa by selling him useless ammunition at the express request of Woodrow Wilson's government.

Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata were the revolutionary leaders of the Mexican peasantry who, after ending the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz, confronted Victoriano Huerta and later Venustiano Carranza, who represented the pretensions of the nascent Mexican bourgeoisie to put an end to the Constitutionalist Revolution without touching land ownership in favor of the peasantry. Villa in Chihuahua and Zapata in Morelos put an end to the latifundia and distributed the land among the peasants.

The highest point of the peasant revolution would be December 4, 1914, when the two revolutionary leaders sealed their alliance in Mexico City, occupied by the peasant forces that had defeated Carranza's troops, forcing him to take refuge in Veracruz. And if in that meeting Zapata and Villa sealed the unity of the Northern Division and the Zapatista forces under the program outlined in the Plan of Ayala and the Revolutionary Constituent Convention of Aguas Calientes, where they also showed the political impotence of the peasant leadership by refusing to take power into their own hands.

After the peasant defeat in the Mexican Revolution, Washington, who at first supported Villa, decided to support the Constitutionalist side headed by Carranza. In this sense, the invasion of North American territory by Pancho Villa sought to relaunch the offensive of his revolutionary army after the defeats suffered during 1915 at the hands of the military leader of the Constitutionalists, Alvaro Obregon, which marked the decline of the peasant revolutionary forces and the consolidation of the bourgeois leadership of the Mexican Revolution.

The invasion of Columbus and the persecution by U.S. troops increased the myth of Villa, who had led the great military victories of the peasantry against the Constitutionalists at the command of his fearsome Northern Division, the real armed wing of the peasant revolution. A consequence of the Punitive Expedition and its failure would be the imposition of the Carranza Doctrine as the official credo of Mexican foreign policy, which reaffirmed Mexican economic and territorial sovereignty in the face of U.S. threats.

It remains for General Villa and the militiamen of the Northern Division the honor of seeking to avenge the opprobrium of U.S. imperialism by invading their territory with a revolutionary force.

Sources: Informador and La Izquierda Diario