Nearshoring Paves the Way for Mexico's Economic Growth

Discover the potential of nearshoring in Mexico's economy. Explore the benefits, challenges, and investment opportunities in this detailed report. Learn how foreign companies can contribute to economic growth while adhering to regulations and fostering sustainable practices.

Nearshoring Paves the Way for Mexico's Economic Growth
The need for foreign companies to comply with Mexican laws, transfer technology, and pay fair wages for sustainable economic development.

Mexico's economy needs urgent investment to foster development, with the country experiencing minimal growth rates, according to UNAM academics Seyka Sandoval Cabrera and Arturo Ortiz Wadgymar. While investment, whether domestic or foreign, is crucial, Arturo Ortiz highlights that foreign companies should comply with Mexican laws, partner with national capital, transfer technology, and provide fair wages.

The discussion on nearshoring and supply chains, organized by the Institute of Economic Research (IIEc), sheds light on the potential benefits and challenges of nearshoring in Mexico. This report explores Mexico's nearshoring sector's context, trends, predictions, and investment opportunities.

  1. Performance Requirements: The North American Free Trade Agreement allowed foreign companies to enter Mexico without performance requirements, leading to tax evasion and environmental issues. The need to regulate alien presence is vital, ensuring compliance with regulations, fair wages, tax payments, and environmental standards.
  2. Macroeconomic Stability: Until 2022, Mexico maintained a relatively stable macroeconomic situation, with signs of growth. However, the gross fixed investment indicator is currently at zero, indicating the need for revitalization.
  3. Stagnant Foreign Direct Investment: Foreign direct investment levels in Mexico have stagnated, failing to surpass those of 2005. The COVID-19 pandemic further hindered investment growth, and the average annual growth rate for 2019-2022 remains at zero percent.

Nearshoring Opportunities

  1. Increased Foreign Direct Investment: Nearshoring can boost foreign direct investment in Mexico. This would have positive effects on employment, export income, and overall economic growth.
  2. Macroeconomic Benefits: Nearshoring can reduce logistics and transportation costs, enhance quality control and supervision, improve communication and collaboration, mitigate geopolitical and commercial risks, enable quicker responses to market changes, and provide flexibility in supply chains. These advantages contribute to Mexico's economic development.
The advantages of nearshoring in Mexico include reduced logistics costs, improved quality control.
The advantages of nearshoring in Mexico include reduced logistics costs, improved quality control, and faster response to market changes.

Challenges and Risks

  1. Higher Labor Costs: Nearshoring may lead to increased labor costs for companies. However, these costs can be offset by other benefits such as improved quality control and proximity to markets.
  2. Capacity Limitations: Mexico must address its capacity limitations to fully leverage the advantages of nearshoring. Investments in infrastructure, technology, and human resources are crucial to accommodate increased production and demand.
  3. Trade and Regulatory Barriers: Although trade and regulatory barriers can pose challenges, the presence of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (T-MEC) provides a framework to overcome these barriers and facilitate trade.
  4. Cultural and Communication Challenges: Nearshoring involves collaborating with international partners, which can introduce cultural and communication challenges. Overcoming these challenges requires a proactive approach to cross-cultural understanding and effective communication strategies.
  5. Intellectual Property Protection: Mexico needs to strengthen its intellectual property protection framework to ensure the security and confidence of foreign investors.

Investment Opportunities

  1. Infrastructure Development: Investing in infrastructure development, including transportation, logistics, and technology, will support the expansion of nearshoring operations and enhance Mexico's competitive advantage.
  2. Human Capital Investment: Developing a skilled workforce through education and training programs will attract more nearshoring opportunities and encourage innovation and productivity growth.
  3. Sustainable Practices: Promoting sustainable practices in nearshoring operations, such as environmental protection and responsible mining, will attract socially conscious investors and enhance Mexico's reputation.
  4. Technological Advancements: Investing in emerging technologies, such as automation, artificial intelligence, and data analytics, can enhance productivity, efficiency, and competitiveness in nearshoring activities.


Nearshoring represents a potential avenue for economic growth and increased foreign direct investment in Mexico. However, to fully capitalize on these opportunities, Mexico needs to address challenges such as labor costs, capacity limitations, trade barriers, cultural differences, and intellectual property protection. By investing in infrastructure, human capital, sustainable practices, and technological advancements, Mexico can position itself as an attractive nearshoring destination while ensuring long-term economic development.