5 facts you may not have known about the Mexican flag at the time
The tricolor flag is one of the greatest patriotic symbols of Mexico, which synthesizes diversity, culture, history and its people, according to the Ministry of the Interior.
1. Its origins
The creation of the Mexican flag dates back to 1821, when the then Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide entrusted the mission to the tailor José Magdaleno Ocampo in Iguala, Guerrero. The tailor created the first tricolor flag composed of red, green and white stripes. This first version had a star in each strip and in the center a decorated imperial Lorna, and in the background the words Religion, Independence and Union, so it was called the flag of the three guarantees.
2. The redesign
Although the flag has undergone transformations, it maintains its basic characteristics since 1822, the year the flag was adopted: the three stripes, the colors and the shield in the center of the flag.
The current design was established on September 16, 1968: and consists of the three colors and the shield of Mexico in the center. The shield features a golden eagle, a snake, a cactus, as well as several snails, an olive tree, and the oak tree. This is inspired by the legend of the foundation of Mexico, in which the god Huitzilopochtli gave the ancient Mexicans the signs of the exact place where they would erect the great Tenochtitlan: where they would see an eagle standing on a nopal cactus emerges from Tlaltecuhtli, the Earth, in the middle of Lake Texcoco, current Mexico City.
3. The Day of the Flag
Flag Day in Mexico has been celebrated every February 24th since 1940, when President Lazaro Cardenas (1943-1940) established that date for that purpose.
But not only is it honored on that day. Institutions are also required to do so on September 15 and 16, as well as November 20.
4. When and how it is raised
The national flag is raised at full mast on days such as the anniversaries of the promulgation of the Constitutions of 1857 and 1917; the Victory over the French army in Puebla in 1862; the Taking of Queretaro by the Forces of the Republic in 1867; the cry, the beginning and the consummation of Independence, respectively; the beginning of the Mexican Revolution in 1910; and the expropriation of the oil industry in 1938.
It must also be raised at all times during the opening and closing of the Congress of the Union, the day of the Mexican Army, Labor Day, Navy Day, Race Day, as well as the birthdays of Mexican heroes.
On the other hand, it is raised at half-mast to commemorate the death of a national hero or heroic deeds in which Mexicans have given their lives for the country, such as the death of the last Aztec emperor, Cuauhtémoc; the leader of the Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata; the Children Heroes of Chapultepec, among other events of great importance for the country.
5. This is how the national flag is handled
The national flag has special handling both to present it and to protect it. For example, institutions receive it through a civil flag ceremony and when it is already deteriorated it is destroyed in a civic incineration ceremony.
In addition, in the General Archive of the Nation and in the National Museum of History there is a model of the flag that is authenticated by the three powers of the Union.