Senate approves historic comprehensive marijuana regulation in Mexico

24/11/2020

The Plenary of the Senate of the Republic approved in general and in particular the integral regulation of both the consumption and the trade of marijuana in Mexico for recreational and medicinal purposes, by which Article 81 of the Federal Health Law will be reformed.

Possession of marijuana for the purpose of sale or supply is punishable by up to 25 years in prison. Photo: Flickr
Possession of marijuana for the purpose of sale or supply is punishable by up to 25 years in prison. Photo: Flickr

The draft decree -approved in general with 82 votes in favor, 18 against and seven abstentions, and in particular with 72 votes in favor, 13 against, and two abstentions- contemplates a new legal order to regulate and control the consumption, production, and trade of cannabis; it also seeks reforms and additions to the General Health Law, the Federal Criminal Code, the Federal Law against Organized Crime, and the Law on Special Taxes on Production and Services.

The decree also provides for the creation of the Law for the Regulation of Cannabis, and the Mexican Institute for the Regulation and Control of Cannabis. This Institute will be "a decentralized public organism of the Secretary of Health, in charge of regulating, regulating, monitoring, sanctioning and evaluating the system of regulation of cannabis", says the ruling.

If the project is completely approved, the Mexican Institute of Regulation and Control of Cannabis will give the permits for all those who want to sell products related to cannabis.

People will be able to carry up to 28 grams of marijuana for personal consumption, which they will be forced to buy in establishments with permits.

The consumption will be in private or in places established by law. It will not be possible to smoke marijuana in the following cases: if you are in front of minors; if you are in places free of tobacco smoke; if you are in places with a massive concentration of people; if other people do not want to smell the smoke; among other provisions.

The opinion also covers self-consumption: each person may have up to four cannabis plants in their home; if more than two live in the same house, there may be up to six plants.

The General Law for the Regulation of Cannabis now goes to the Chamber of Deputies for revision before the end of the current legislature on December 15.