Insomnia: Sleep well to live better

Specialists recommend avoiding bad habits such as the use of electronic devices and resting for less than six hours. Worldwide, 40 percent of the population snores.

Insomnia: Sleep well to live better
Get a good night's sleep to live better. Photo by Lux Graves / Unsplash

Sleep the necessary number of hours, have correct habits, do not self-medicate to fall asleep, and stop thinking that snoring is a normal act. It is necessary to carry out correct skills, such as being in a dark place and not abusing electronic devices that stimulate us to stay awake. Sleep hygiene should be promoted since many disorders occur due to bad habits.

Human beings sleep in stages in what is called sleep architecture; there are three stages of rapid eye movements. The first one is when we begin to fall asleep, we nod off and close our eyelids; in the next one it is still superficial; in the third one we are deeply asleep; and it extends to the phase of rapid eye movements, where we are with a more flaccid body, in addition to the fact that there are daydreams.

The quality of sleep

We need it to be deep, continuous, that is to say, that we do not wake up every few minutes, that it lasts, and that it respects the circadian pattern. The suggestion is not to self-medicate when there is a disorder, because in many cases it can be harmful, hence the importance of diagnosis by a specialist. It is important to promote the culture of sleep, giving this activity the importance it deserves.

Besides an adequate and restful rest, it is necessary to consider enough hours of sleep (seven to eight per night for adults and up to 12 for babies). It is not advisable to sleep less than six. There are more than 80 pathologies related to this process, and it is estimated that 40 percent of the population snores, which is a symptom of respiratory dysfunction. Even though it is popularized, snoring is not normal.