The Californias, the northernmost domains of the Spanish crown in America, were once considered a single geographic entity, and their confines were little explored in comparison to other parts of Mexico. Even the missionaries had to yield to this peculiar and misunderstood nature.
However, as the region bifurcated into Upper and Lower California in the 19th century, followed by the division of the latter into the Northern and Southern Territories, the peninsula followed similar paths until well into the 20th century, mainly marked by slow development and sparse population.
Today, what was once considered regrettable has become an advantage, and the Surcalifornian territory is a natural treasure. The potential of its natural resources has reached fullness, with two exceptional protected biosphere reserves, the annual visit of gray whales, the environment of sea lions and bighorn sheep, and a great variety of endemic flora and fauna.
Protected Biosphere Reserves
The Sierra de la Laguna Biosphere Reserve and the Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California Biosphere Reserve are the two exceptional protected biosphere reserves in the Surcalifornian territory. These reserves are essential for the conservation of the unique and diverse ecosystem in the region.
The Sierra de la Laguna Biosphere Reserve is home to an extensive range of flora and fauna, including rare and endemic species, making it a crucial site for conservation. The Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California Biosphere Reserve is home to many marine and terrestrial species, including the vaquita, the world's most endangered marine mammal.
Annual Visit of Gray Whales
Every year, gray whales migrate from the Bering Sea to the lagoons on the Pacific coast of Baja California Sur to breed and give birth. This annual event is a spectacular sight, with tourists flocking to the area to witness the whales' incredible journey. The gray whales' visit is an essential part of the region's natural heritage and a significant draw for tourism.
Environment of Sea Lions and Bighorn Sheep
The Surcalifornian territory is also home to a range of other remarkable wildlife, including sea lions and bighorn sheep. The environment of these animals is an integral part of the region's natural beauty and diversity.
Paleontological Vestiges and Cave Paintings
Baja California Sur is home to a significant number of paleontological vestiges and cave paintings that offer insights into the region's prehistoric past. These vestiges and paintings are an important part of the region's cultural heritage and attract many visitors.
Missionary Buildings and Tourist Developments
The people of Baja California Sur have created many spectacular tourist developments, including the many missionary buildings that have been preserved throughout the region. These buildings are a testament to the region's history and a significant draw for tourism.
Baja California Sur is a unique and diverse region with much to offer visitors. Its natural beauty, diverse wildlife, cultural heritage, and historical significance make it a top destination for tourists interested in exploring the region's many treasures. With the Surcalifornian territory's focus on preserving the environment, and customs, and sharing with visitors in a friendly and joyful way, it's easy to see why it's such a popular destination for travelers.