Diego Rivera was a creator who took Mexican art to the world, so here are 10 things you should know about the Mexican artist Diego Rivera. Diego Rivera was born on December 8, 1886, the 129th anniversary of his birth; therefore we share with you 10 facts you should know about the Mexican muralist:
Diego Rivera was an outstanding member of the Mexican Muralist Movement, along with Jose Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros.
Diego Rivera was originally from Guanajuato, Guanajuato.
Some of his murals can be seen in the Simón Bolívar Amphitheater of the Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso, in the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP), in the National Palace, and in the Palace of Fine Arts.
Diego Rivera took Mexican art to the world, painted in San Francisco, Detroit, and New York.
His work "Sueño de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central" (Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Central Alameda) is one of his most important and representative works.
Rivera became an important actor in the political and cultural life of Mexico: he was co-founder of the Union of Revolutionary Painters, Sculptors, and Graphic Artists, a member of the Mexican Communist Party.
In 1950 he won the National Prize of Sciences and Arts of Mexico.
Diego Rivera was married to the Mexican painter Frida Kahlo.
He died on November 24, 1957.
Diego Rivera remains are currently in the Rotunda of Illustrious Persons.
A little about Diego Rivera
The artist, born in the city of Guanajuato on December 8, 1886, was the son of schoolteachers. At the age of six, he settled with his family in Mexico City (1892), where he continued his school education until 1897, the year in which he began attending night drawing classes at the San Carlos National School of Fine Arts.
In 1902 he left the school, dissatisfied with the system of teaching painting, and replaced it with the countryside. In 1907 he presented his first exhibition and won a scholarship to Europe. He worked at the San Fernando Academy in Madrid, returned to Mexico in October 1910, and returned to Paris in July 1911. After a brief incursion into pointillism, from 1912 to 1917 he joined the school of cubism.
He returned to the country in September 1921. During the 1920s he received numerous commissions from the Mexican government to create large mural compositions such as those found in the Palacio Nacional and the Palacio de Bellas Artes, in which he abandoned the currents of the time to create a nationalist style that reflected the history of the Mexican people and at the same time the socialist spirit of the revolution.
In the thirties he worked in the United States in the decoration of the Detroit Institute of Art and in the Rockefeller Center in New York, in a mural that was destroyed; he exhibited his easel work in the Palace of the Legion of Honor in California, in the United States. In 1931 he exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and in 1932 he did the scenography for the ballet H. P. by Carlos Chávez.
In 1944 he did the decoration of the National Palace, now in the corridors of the second floor of the central patio. In 1947 and 1948, under the title Sueño de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central, he again summarized the history of Mexico, this time based on anecdotes, on a long board in the dining room of the former Hotel Del Prado.
In the last years of his life, he painted in mosaic the front of the stadium of the Ciudad Universitaria and the façade of the Teatro de los Insurgentes; he traveled to the USSR for the second time; he organized a new exhibition with a Soviet theme; he traveled to Guadalajara and promised to paint a mural there if the name of Ciudad Guzmán was changed to Zapotlán de Orozco. Already very ill, he spent some time in Acapulco, where he painted a series of twilights.
The artist died in Mexico City on November 24, 1957, and was buried in the Rotunda of Illustrious Persons in the Dolores Pantheon.