Hurricane Pamela has left approximately 10 thousand people affected, informed authorities of Nayarit and Sinaloa, Mexican states which were mainly affected by the meteorological phenomenon. At the moment, the streets of the municipal capital of Tuxpan, Nayarit, are submerged underwater after the overflowing of the San Pedro River. All as a result of the heavy rains caused by hurricane Pamela.
Tuxpan was cut off because the bridge that connects the highway to the entrance of the town was demolished by the intensity of the river. The other access was completely underwater. Meanwhile, the governor of Sinaloa, Quirino Ordaz, was making tours to deliver support and supplies for those affected. His government reported more than two thousand people affected by the heavy rains.
In Sinaloa, the hurricane left small floods, as well as evictions, after the first images of its passage circulated, which will increase with the passing of the minutes, since according to the forecast of the authorities, it is expected to leave more damage. Pamela increased the strength of its winds and is once again a category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, according to the National Water Commission (Conagua).
In 2020, Mexico reported its warmest year in 49 years
The year 2020 was one of the three warmest years by setting new temperature records and in the case of Mexico, the country reported its warmest year in its 49-year record by tying with 2017 and 2019, according to a report by the American Meteorological Society (AMS).
Likewise, the State of the Climate report also found that most of the country was drier than average in 2020, due to the late onset of a weak monsoon from North America and a lack of tropical cyclones in the Pacific.
Similarly, at the global level, the report found that the main Climate Change indicators reflected trends of a warming planet. This is due to markers such as sea-level rise, ocean heat, and permafrost, all of which broke records set in the previous year.
Furthermore, CO2 levels reached record levels during 2020 despite having presented a reduction of almost 7% of emissions. The concentration was 412.5 parts per million, 2.5 parts per million higher than in 2019; this figure is the highest in the 62-year modern measurement record.
For surface temperature, the report indicated that 2020 was the warmest year on record without the presence of El Niño; the seven warmest years on record have occurred in recent years since 2014. The global average surface temperature has increased at an average rate of 0.08ºC per decade.
Sea levels were also the highest on record, rising to a new record high for the ninth consecutive year, 91.3 millimeters higher than the 1993 average. In addition, sea levels are rising at an average rate of 3 centimeters per decade due to climate changes. Global Warming was also noted in tropical cyclones, as the agency counted a total of 102 named tropical storms; this is well above the average of 85 between 1981 and 2010.
"Three tropical cyclones reached Category 5 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson scale. The North Atlantic hurricane basin recorded a record of 30 named storms; surpassing the previous record of 28 in 2005. Seven of those storms became major hurricanes, matching 2005 for a record number," the report noted.