These are the 10 most active volcanoes in Latin America


Latin America is one of the most active volcanic regions, with more than 3 thousand volcanoes in its territory, which extends from Mexico and the Caribbean to the tip of Patagonia, the southernmost point of South America. However, only 14 of all colossi are active, some of which represent a danger for the populations living in their outskirts or nearby entities.

Popocatépetl volcano from Amecameca (looking south-east)
Popocatépetl volcano from Amecameca (looking south-east)

Popocatépetl volcano

This volcano is one of the most active in Mexico and is considered one of the most dangerous on the planet, according to the National Center for Disaster Prevention (Cenapred) Mexico, due to the fact that 100 kilometers of its crater inhabit some 25 million people.

The last significant eruption was recorded in February 2018, when ash and vapor emissions reached 2 thousand meters in height. In September 2018 an explosion was recorded in which the volcano released incandescent fragments at a distance of 200 meters from the crater.

At the moment it is in yellow alert with respect to the semaphore of volcanic alert, which means that there is a manifestation of activity with frequent local volcanic seismicity and sporadic and light ash emissions.

Colima volcano

The University of Colima, through its University Center of Studies and Investigations of Volcanology, considers that it is the most active volcano in Mexico because of the number of eruptions it has had in the last 500 years.
On February 3, 2017, its most recent explosion occurred, while in December 2016 it made two strong explosions that released smoke and incandescent material.

Turrialba volcano

The Turrialba volcano is located in Costa Rica, located 60 kilometers from San José, the capital city of the country. It was activated in 1996 and its strongest cycles of explosions have been more recent, taking place since 2010. In 2015, volcanic warnings were ignited due to the existence of gas columns and ash over 900 meters high that left the volcano.

Fuego volcano

In Guatemala, there is the Fuego Volcano, which erupted on June 3, 2018, killing at least 72 people and affecting 1.7 million inhabitants of its surroundings.

Santiaguito volcano

This colossus is also located in Guatemala and is considered one of the most dangerous in the world. In addition, the National Institute of Seismology, Volcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology (Insivumeh) considers it the youngest and most studied volcano in Guatemala.

Masaya volcano

The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program considers this volcano located in Nicaragua as one of the most active volcanoes in the nation. Between October 2015 and August 2016 it had explosive activity, the resurgence of lava and increased its seismic amplitude.

Nevado del Ruíz volcano

This volcano located in Colombia is part of the 21 volcanoes monitored by the Colombian Seismological Service. An eruption in 1985 was considered the second deadliest of the 20th century. In it, 23 thousand people lost their lives. After this, the volcano remains in yellow alert, because it represents a latent danger and an eruption is still expected.

Cotopaxi volcano

In Ecuador, Cotopaxi Volcano is considered one of the most dangerous in the world because of its frequent eruptions and the number of populations potentially exposed to its threats.

Tungurahua volcano

In September 2016, this volcano in Ecuador activated an orange alert due to an eruption during which emanated steam and ash that reached 2 kilometers in height.

Reventador Volcano

This volcano is located about 90 kilometers from Quito and is considered one of the three most active volcanoes in Ecuador. In December of 2017, it erupted, offering spectacular images. There were no threats to the lives of the surrounding residents.