At least 4 out of every 10 young people in Mexico live in poverty, said José Antonio Pérez Islas, coordinator of the Youth Research Seminar, during Wednesday's Congress of "Young people in movement, reality, actions and protections", led by the rector of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Enrique Graue.
According to experts, of the 39 million young people aged 12 to 29 in the country, 44.3 percent live in poverty and 60 percent have informal and precarious jobs. so "the demographic bonus they represented for the country, is becoming a difficult bill to collect," said Pérez Islas.
At the opening of the meeting, the Secretary of Institutional Development, Alberto Ken Oyama, agreed that this sector faces a world with contradictions and paradoxes, in which the most pronounced gaps of inequality and inequality coexist with the most advanced technological developments; where the highest rates of insecurity and violence coexist with the greatest advances in the sciences and humanities.
"Youth has a unique space in the universities for the gestation of their freedom, which is only obtained through the path of knowledge. This is a civilizing field par excellence, in which its citizenship education is framed in the ethics, commitment, and responsibility for the construction of a fair, democratic society and with the equity that we all want."
In this regard, he added, the UNAM serves more than 350 thousand young people so that, together with their knowledge, acquire and cultivate values that allow them to face their environment in a healthy way, that privilege dialogue and reason, the proactive and creative attitude, as well as plurality and diversity as unrenouncable conditions for their coexistence.
Income lower than the welfare line
In the Dr. Gustavo Baz Prada auditorium of the Old School of Medicine, Pérez Islas explained that in Mexico young people account for 31 percent of the total population, but 50.6 percent of them have a monthly income lower than the welfare line, that is, they are not allowed to buy a food basket or basic services; 41.2 percent do not have any work benefit; and 64 percent lack social security, according to the latest Coneval report.
This sector of the population, he continued, is a range of realities and demands specific policies for their attention in schools, families and labor markets.
"They are not the problem, it's the society. If this society is democratic, it will generate young democrats; if it is violent, they will be the product of violence. What we do with youth will be the country we will have in the future."
At the time, the director of the National School of Social Work (ENTS), Leticia Cano, explained that the congress - held jointly with different seminars of the UNAM - is a space for reflection, analysis, and debate of the problems it faces. this population. It is also the opportunity to build strategies and guidelines for new public policies, multidisciplinary intervention models that improve social cohesion, their coexistence and the guarantee of their human rights.
The meeting will address issues of gender, diversity, inclusion, human rights, inequalities, poverty, violence, and insecurity. And the main voice will be that of the young people.
With information from the UNAM.