The three nations need each other and cannot turn their backs on each other. Joe Biden needed the meeting to reinforce his position within the U.S. Common strategies are required in the face of new pandemics. The IX North American Leaders Summit marks a turning point; it was an important, sober meeting, where the integration process of the region was relaunched, agreed on UNAM experts in a distance media conference.

The director of the Center for Mexican Studies UNAM-Los Angeles, Silvia Núñez García, said: this part of the world is spoken of as an area that at least aspires to be integrated, but it is necessary to work on the approach and "fine fabric" to generate regional identity, communicating to the three societies the benefits expected from the cooperation between Mexico, the United States, and Canada.

In addressing the topic "Trilateral Summit, a new path for North America?", the expert said that building a supranational narrative is difficult in current times because the pandemic has established criteria that are more oriented towards strengthening nationalism; thus, building regional identity would need to be accompanied by a series of permanent messages that, through hard and demonstrable data, communicate that "if we go together, we do better".

For Oliver Santín Peña, an academic at the Center for Research on North America (CISAN), Joe Biden needed the meeting to reinforce his position within his country and somewhat reduce the criticism against him, especially at a time when his approval rating is around 40 percent, with a drop that has become more acute since the departure of US troops from Afghanistan last August, and which is accentuated by the record number of undocumented immigrants arriving in his territory, a fact that is already causing a humanitarian crisis.

Tomás Milton Muñoz Bravo, an expert from the School of Political and Social Sciences, explained that the meeting was important because "everything was discussed: environment, health, combating the consumption of illicit drugs and human trafficking, addressing supply chains to improve production and trade in the region, ensuring decent working conditions, ending deforestation and conserving up to 30 percent of the land and water in North America in the coming years, promoting safe and orderly migration, and addressing the structural causes of human mobility".

When taking the floor again, Núñez García referred to the migration issue and stressed that Mexico must be observant of the possibility that the number of refugee applicants, especially Central Americans, could be distributed among the three countries, because this would reduce the enormous pressure that Mexico has in this area.

The American Union wants and needs a migrant labor force, but it is necessary to establish under what conditions, temporary or circular migration, family reunification, etcetera. This will take a long time; the pandemic has opened for conservatives the possibility of influencing a discourse of exclusion against those who have the need and desire to enter the US. The summit has been a good opportunity for the world to observe that Mexico's relationship with the rest of the countries is centered on its link with the United States. And "what is important to point out is that the three nations need each other and cannot turn their backs on each other".

Further on, Santín Peña stated that there are ideological differences between the Mexican president and Trudeau and Biden, the two openly neoliberal leaders who promote, among other aspects, investment in the energy sector in Mexico. In this context, Muñoz Bravo declared himself in favor of generating, on a regional scale, common strategies in the face of new pandemics to have timely responses. "I am concerned that there are no new developments in the fight against drug trafficking; they are the same recipes, without a clear commitment from the United States to prevent the sale of weapons of the large companies that are coming to our country".