Knowledge-intensive service companies (KISCs) have played a vital role in the development of the Mexican economy in recent decades. These companies are characterized by their high level of knowledge intensity and the use of advanced technologies, which enable them to provide specialized services to a wide range of industries.
The History of KISCs in Mexico
KISCs first appeared in Mexico in the 1970s. At that time, Mexico was experiencing an economic boom, driven by the establishment of maquiladoras - factories that are located near the US border and that assemble products for export to the United States. KISCs emerged to provide services to these maquiladoras, mainly in the areas of logistics, quality control, and engineering.
In the following decades, KISCs continued to grow, driven by the expansion of the maquiladora industry and the increasing sophistication of the Mexican industry in general. Many KISCs were founded by engineers who had gained experience working for multinational corporations and who wanted to apply their knowledge to serve Mexican businesses. These companies often specialize in areas such as software development, design, and engineering.
By the early 2000s, KISCs had become a significant part of the Mexican economy. They accounted for an estimated 10% of GDP and employed over 2 million people. KISCs were also playing an increasingly important role in the country's innovation system. They were collaborating with universities and research centers to develop new technologies and products, and they were also helping Mexican businesses to adopt new technologies.
The growth of KISCs has had several positive benefits for the Mexican economy. They have created jobs, boosted productivity, and promoted innovation. KISCs have also helped to diversify the Mexican economy, making it less reliant on traditional manufacturing industries.
Today, KISCs are a significant part of the Mexican economy, employing thousands of people and generating millions of dollars in revenue. They play a critical role in the development of high-value industries such as aerospace, automotive, and electronics, among others.
Where are KISCs Located in Mexico?
KISCs are located throughout Mexico, but they are concentrated in areas with a long tradition of industrial development. The states with the highest number of KISCs are Chihuahua, Baja California, and the Bajío region, which includes the states of Guanajuato, Querétaro, and Aguascalientes.
Chihuahua is home to many KISCs that provide services to the maquiladora industry, especially in the areas of logistics, engineering, and quality control. Baja California is also a significant center for KISCs, with many companies providing software development, design, and engineering services to a wide range of industries.
The Bajío region has emerged as a hub for KISCs in recent years, driven by its proximity to Mexico City, the country's capital, and its excellent transportation infrastructure. Many KISCs in the Bajío region specialize in engineering, design, and software development, serving industries such as automotive, aerospace, and electronics.
The largest number of KISC establishments in Mexico are located in the following states:
- Mexico City
- State of Mexico
- Nuevo León
These states are home to several factors that are conducive to the growth of KISCs, including:
- A large pool of skilled workers
- A strong infrastructure
- A favorable business environment
- Proximity to major markets
The growth of KISCs in these states is expected to continue in the coming years. This growth will help to further diversify the Mexican economy and create new jobs.
The Future of KISCs in Mexico
The future of KISCs in Mexico looks bright, as these companies continue to play a critical role in the country's economic development. The Mexican government has recognized the importance of KISCs and has implemented policies to support their growth, such as tax incentives and funding programs.
Furthermore, Mexico's proximity to the United States and its membership in the USMCA trade agreement make it an attractive location for KISCs that want to serve the North American market. As the global economy becomes increasingly digital and knowledge-intensive, KISCs in Mexico are well-positioned to take advantage of these trends and continue to grow in the coming years.
In conclusion, KISCs have played a critical role in the development of the Mexican economy in recent decades. These companies have emerged to provide specialized services to a wide range of industries, driven by the expansion of the maquiladora industry and the increasing sophistication of the Mexican industry in general.
They are concentrated in areas with a long tradition of industrial development, such as Chihuahua, Baja California, and the Bajío region. As Mexico's economy continues to grow and become more knowledge-intensive, KISCs are well-positioned to continue to play a critical role in the country's economic development.