The Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (IMCO) has recently undertaken a comprehensive study on income and poverty through a gender lens in Mexico. Their findings, based on the 2022 data from both the National Survey of Household Income and Expenditure (ENIGH) of Inegi and the Poverty Assessment from the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval). They offer insightful perspectives on the gender-based income gap and the poverty conditions faced by Mexican women.
The Income Gap: Men vs. Women
On average, women in Mexico earn 35% less than men. While a typical Mexican man earns 9,762 pesos per month, a woman, on average, takes home just 6,360 pesos. This gap widens for mothers, who earn 57% less than fathers. These disparities often force women to be more reliant on external transfers, eroding their financial independence.