Mexico could produce electric cars after finding lithium in Sonora

The Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources (Semarnat), Victor Manuel Toledo, reported that after the discovery of the lithium deposit in Sonora, electric cars could be produced in Mexico.

Mexico could produce electric cars after finding lithium in Sonora. Stock photo
Mexico could produce electric cars after finding lithium in Sonora. Stock photo

As you know, the existence of a lithium deposit in Sonora has just been confirmed. Lithium will be the fuel, it is the fuel of the future, because it is the basis of accumulators and other instruments for the generation, in this case, of electric cars. Víctor Manuel Toledo, owner of Semarnat

When attending the presentation of Environmental Measures to Improve Air Quality in the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico, he reported that they would be developed by the public sector.

Therefore, we believe, and we have shared with Dr. Claudia Sheinbaum, the idea of starting to do applied research so that our country and, indeed, the public sector has the possibility in the medium term of generating Mexican electric cars created, by Mexican intelligence itself, with Mexican technology and with Mexican deposits". Victor Manuel Toledo, head of Semarnat.

The importance of lithium batteries

Lithium batteries, whose invention almost 50 years ago won three chemists the Nobel Prize, revolutionized mobility in society, but their composition and recycling have yet to evolve.

Compared to lead or nickel-metal hydride batteries, lithium batteries generate more energy, are lighter and last longer. They are the "most powerful batteries that have ever existed," sums up Patrice Simon of the Electrochemical Energy Storage Network of the French research center CNRS.

The increase in energy is phenomenal compared to what was done 40 years ago. In a given volume, four to five times more energy can be stored. Patrick Bernard, a research director at Saft, a specialist in energy storage applications.

What are the advantages?

Lithium-ion batteries are everywhere: phones and laptops, tablets, hearing aids, pacemakers, storage of electricity generated by solar panels, motorcycles, bicycles, and electric cars.

Thanks to its large storage capacity, this technology helps reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. In transport, its acceleration "is fantastic". In the electric bus sector, which is dominated by China, it is used mostly. Some trams use it for part of the journey.

The largest producers of lithium in 2018 were Australia (51,000 tons), followed by Chile (16,000), China (8,000) and Argentina (6,200).

By Mexicanist