What is known about Ovidio Guzmán, the son of "El Chapo" who unleashed a wave of violence in the Mexican city of Culiacan?
The city of Culiacán, capital of the northern Mexican state of Sinaloa, was the scene of a wave of violence when security forces temporarily captured one of the sons of drug trafficker Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, who is in prison in the United States.
It was initially reported that Ovidio Guzmán López, 29, had been detained by Mexican security forces, but his release was later learned amidst total confusion about what happened and kept the country on edge for hours.
According to Alfonso Durazo, Mexico's Secretary of Public Security, 30 elements of the National Guard and the Secretary of National Defense (Sedena) were assaulted from a home while carrying out a routine patrol.
In responding to the aggression and taking control of the home, Durazo said, four people were found, including Ovidio Guzmán. This led to a confrontation and the eruption of violent actions in different parts of the city. In order to safeguard the integrity of Culiacan society, security cabinet officials agreed to suspend these actions.
Ovidio Guzmán is one of four children of Chapo's relationship with his second wife, Griselda López Pérez. It is estimated that Chapo has at least 10 children from his various marriages.
In February of this year, Ovid was charged by the U.S. Department of Justice with conspiracy to distribute drugs to be imported into the U.S., along with his brother Joaquin Guzman Lopez, 34.
According to prosecutors from April 2008 to April 2018, both conspired to distribute cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine from Mexico and other places to be imported into the United States.
Ovidio is the brother of Joaquín, Griselda and Édgar Guzmán, who was allegedly killed by members of the Beltrán Leyva Cartel, according to Televisa.
It is also known that he was born in Badiguarato, Sinaloa, the town of Chapo and Mexican media comment that he describes himself as a man who is not particularly interested in luxury or sports cars. Instead, he is interested in horses and fine roosters.
Ray Donovan, the DEA special agent who led the 22-agency effort that led to the capture of "Chapo" Guzmán, told CNN in February that the Sinaloa cartel still supplies the vast majority of U.S. drug markets. In fact, Chapo's sons have now ascended the ranks of the Sinaloa cartel and taken over the entire Chapo organization.
Source: BBC Mundo
Once again, El Chapo clan makes a mockery of the government
The Mexican authorities accumulate a history of errors and ridicule with the clan of Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán.
The Mexican authorities accumulate a history of errors and ridicule with the clan of Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán because of the chaos generated this Thursday with the arrest and subsequent release of one of the sons of the drug trafficker.
The high-caliber weapons response of El Chapo's son's henchmen forced the security forces to release him to avoid a bloodbath in the city of Culiacán, in the northwestern state of Sinaloa, which was taken for hours by drug traffickers.
"More than in ridicule, [the government] is left in an evident situation of weakness because of its notable improvisation," Javier Oliva, a security specialist at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), told Efe on Saturday.
The relationship between what happened on Thursday and the two escapes from two Mexican high-security prisons in Chapo reflect the continuity of failures and corruption for decades in the security forces, regardless of the ruler.
Errors that now continue under President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, despite his promise to transform the nation.
"There is no lack of state or absence of federal government," said, however, on Friday the head of the Secretariat of Security and Public Protection (SSPC), Alfonso Durazo, in an uncomfortable press conference of the Security Cabinet after the "failed" operation.
THE VARIOUS ESCAPES OF EL CHAPO
The Mexican Government marked itself somewhat with the arrest and subsequent extradition to the United States of Joaquín Guzmán, who is now serving a life sentence in a maximum-security prison in that country.
However, for decades it was proof of the country's security failures. And above all, the relationship between drug trafficking and authorities that are easily bribed.
El Chapo founded the Sinaloa Cartel and in 1991 he was arrested, but he bribed Mexico City's chief of police with $100,000 to escape. Arrested in 1993 in Guatemala and extradited to Mexico, he was prosecuted for drug trafficking and imprisoned.
But in the maximum-security prison of Puente Grande, in the western state of Jalisco, he made his first major escape in 2001. As much a film as a comedy, he escaped hiding in a laundry trolley with the help of a dozen corrupt officials, according to the most extended version.
From then on he became one of the main fugitives of the Justice of Mexico and the United States, until in 2014 he was captured in the city of Mazatlán, in his native Sinaloa.
Just a year and a half later, he achieved his second and most spectacular escape. Thanks to several henchmen and with the supposed help of prison officials, he fled through a 1,500-meter tunnel from a nearby house to the shower in his cell.
He was arrested six months later, although the public's trust in the Mexican government, then headed by Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-2018), was severely damaged.
HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF WITH HIS SONS
Although without so much power or projection, some of Chapo's sons have also managed to evade justice on several occasions.
Ovidio was one of the brothers with the lowest profile but he still managed to get his henchmen to take part this Thursday in a forceful battle against about thirty security agents who ended up winning.
Despite being surrounded by operation of 30 agents so chaos was unleashed in Culiacan that to preserve "lives" - in the words of the president himself - it was decided to release him. The miscalculation of the security forces, called "precipitated" by the head of the Army, Luis Cresencio Sandoval, exposed an apparent lack of professionalism or discipline.
Another Chapo's son, Jesús Alfredo Guzmán Salazar, is considered by the FBI to be one of the most wanted criminals. In 2012, authorities announced his arrest and that they had found him weapons, money, and fake IDs. It was soon discovered, before the general scorn, that there was confusion and the prisoner was not the son of the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel.
Iván Archivaldo Guzmán, one of the cartel's ringleaders, was arrested in 2005 for money laundering and three years later was released when a judge dismissed the charges.
Who is Ivan Archivaldo Guzman, the other son of "El Chapo" who was arrested and released in Mexico
El Chapito was arrested in 2005 in an operation in Zapopan, Jalisco, and held at the No. 1 Federal Social Rehabilitation Center for alleged money laundering, but released in 2008 for lack of evidence.
Iván Archivaldo Guzmán Salazar was born in October 1983. He is the son of Joaquín Guzmán Loera and María Alejandrina Salazar Hernández, who was the third wife of "El Chapo". He is the brother of Jesús Alfredo Guzmán Salazar and Ovidio Guzmán López, who was detained and released in Culiacán last week by Mexican authorities.
He is in the sights of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) on charges of bringing large quantities of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines, and marijuana into the neighboring country through vehicles, trucks, boats and tunnels.
Much of the raw material used by the cartel was imported from Asia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Guatemala.
He is known by the alias "Alejandro Cárdenas Salazar," "El Chapito," "César," "Jorge," or "Luis," and is also singled out by the Washington government for having laundered money obtained through drug trafficking.
The U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control reported that Iván Archivaldo and another of "El Chapo's" sons, Ovidio Guzmán López, are an active part of the drug trafficking network of the Sinaloa Cartel.
El Chapito was arrested in 2005 in an operation in Zapopan, Jalisco, and held at the Centro Federal de Readaptación Social Número 1, La Palma, for alleged money laundering.
The then-Attorney General's Office of the Republic (PGR) stated that "the judge considered that the facts submitted for his consideration formed the probable responsibility of Ivan Archivaldo in the commission of the crime of operations with resources of illicit origin in the modalities of acquiring, depositing and investing for himself and interposite person".
Twitter accounts have been attributed to Iván Archivaldo and Alfredo. They publish photos of weapons, money, luxury cars, trips, exotic animals, jewelry, yachts, private jets and messages alluding to "El Chapo", the Sinaloa Cartel and threats to other criminal groups.
Iván Archivaldo is considered one of the so-called "narco juniors". And he was accused of transporting large quantities of cocaine and marijuana across the U.S.-Mexico border.
In August 2016, Iván Archivaldo Guzmán Salazar, 36, and his brother Jesús Alfredo were "lifted" along with the group of men who were taken from La Leche restaurant in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco.
Among the other six missing was José Manuel Díaz Burgos, cousin of Iván Archivaldo and son of Emilio Díaz Guzmán. They were released five days later through Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada, who remained at the head of the Sinaloa Cartel after the arrest of "El Chapo".
The author of the kidnapping of the children of El Chapo Guzmán was the work of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel headed by Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes, a.k.a. El Mencho.
Among the other six disappeared was José Manuel Díaz Burgos, between 24 and 25 years old, cousin of Guzmán Salazar and son of Emilio Díaz Guzmán. José Manuel's sister managed to escape from the place and alerted the family to what had happened.
In 2008, the Federal Judicial Branch released him because the then PGR could not prove that he was part of the cartel structure. It was later learned that Magistrate Jesús Guadalupe Luna Altamirano was suspended from his position for "unusual banking movements for almost three million pesos, some of them in American dollars," after qualifying as unfounded the accusations of the Attorney General's Office of the Republic, for various crimes, against Ivan Archivaldo.
The United States included Iván Archivaldo, along with his brother Ovidio Guzmán López, alias "El Ratón" (The Mouse) or "Ratón Nuevo" (New Mouse) on the list of drug traffickers.
Also Joaquín Guzmán López, alias "El Güero", "Moreno", or "Güero Moreeno", 34 years old, was accused of conspiracy to traffic cocaine, methamphetamines and marijuana from Mexico to other countries and to the United States between 2008 and 2018.
After Joaquín "Chapo" Guzmán was sentenced to life plus 30 years, his children Iván Archivaldo, his sister Alejandrina Gisselle Guzmán Salazar and his half-sister Rosa Isela Guzmán Ortiz published messages on their social networks regretting the conviction of their father.