Family violence is characterized by being cyclical and escalating into more serious behaviors that can conclude in femicidal attitudes or acts, considered the Attorney General of Justice of Mexico City, Ernestina Godoy Ramos.

While giving a keynote speech at the II Virtual International Congress of Criminal Law Carlos Daza Gómez In Memoriam, organized by the Faculty of Law (FD) of the UNAM, she stressed: "it is reproduced cyclically; these acts against women increase and are exercised especially by their partners, in an upward spiral that can conclude in a femicide".

Intradomestic aggression can call into question the family as a safe social and developmental institution, and expose its paradoxical nature. This social nucleus is organized around the power of the members of the male gender and is therefore structured through ties of domination that affect them and that look to the man as the undisputed authority.

On occasions, when the victim denounces her aggressor, he becomes aware of his actions and tries to stop the legal process. "The violent man expresses an apparent change, issues exacerbated apologies and with that, some women decide to withdraw the complaint. In this phase many women are lost, the investigation cannot continue, and sometimes they have no choice but to justify their partner's violence," she said.

The human rights defender and promoter also stated that in the face of systematic aggressions, women end up in a phase of poor self-esteem, lack of autonomy, and a feeling of powerlessness to make decisions.

"This incapacity that women develop is known as Learned Helplessness Syndrome, in which they are accused and blamed for their passivity, behaviors erroneously interpreted as lack of will or also manifested with regret, depressive feelings, anger, resentment, which makes them more helpless and vulnerable," she said.

Protection

Godoy Ramos, who graduated from the university with the thesis "Citizen protection in Mexico City within the framework of alternation and political transition", recalled that this phenomenon has been considered for five years "a violation of human rights".

In Mexico, the creation of pioneering instances began in the Mexican capital in 1989 and 1990; its typification in the local Penal Code dates back to 1997. This recognition in the country's civil codes, she added, has to do with the right to life so that women and their families are not subjected to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment.