Ranking of the most corrupt countries in Latin America
The podium ranking was led by Venezuela, followed by Mexico and Peru. In the case of the Caribbean country, half of those surveyed reported having paid a bribe in the last year, while the figure for Mexicans reporting is 34% and 30% for Peruvian citizens.
As for the institutions where these bribes went, the data were very similar, with the highest percentage being taken by the police forces. Venezuela and Mexico also took first and second place, with 62% and 52% of bribes remaining in the hands of the police. As for the third place, in this case, it is occupied by the Dominican Republic with 47%.
On the other hand, taking into account the buying of votes at election time, the list is headed by Mexico, where half of the people admit to having received money in exchange for votes. The second place is held by the Dominican Republic with 46%, followed by Brazil and Colombia (40%).
As well as the ranking of the most corrupt countries, as a counterpart, we find the least corrupt countries. According to the measurement, the podium is made up of Costa Rica at the top, where only 7% of respondents said they paid bribes, followed by Barbados, with 7% and Brazil with 11%.
Corruption in Mexico curbs the fight against drug trafficking
The Department of State of the United States pointed out that corruption and drug trafficking are the main problems that afflict Mexico to combat the production and trafficking of drugs.
In the International Report on the Narcotics Control Strategy 2019, prepared by the International Office of Anti Narcotics and Law Enforcement, it is mentioned that despite the support provided by the US, the Mexican government needs to fight corruption, improve its judicial capacity and reform its laws for the confiscation of assets.
However, the government of Donald Trump sees well that the administration of Andrés Manuel López Obrador has expressed its commitment to fight crime and reduce the rates of violence, and that it seeks to improve the investigation to prosecute those who commit financial illicit acts. But, he emphasizes that corruption continues to impede the drug control efforts in Mexico.
The document specifies that despite that the National Anti-Corruption System seeks to end impunity, the implementation of this system is not ready, because the Senate has not appointed the prosecutor and much less has appointed the 18 judges that will integrate the system.
It also highlights that high-ranking government officials faced charges of corruption offenses last year, a crime involving almost 20 former governors. For example, they cite the case of Javier Duarte, former governor of Veracruz, the interim governor of said entity Flavino Ríos, and the investigation against the former governor of Nayarit, Roberto Sandoval.
The government of the United States estimates that the cultivation of poppy in Mexico increased since in 2017 44 thousand 100 hectares were cultivated, surpassing the 32 thousand hectares detected in 2016. Most of the cultivation occurs in the states of Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Durango, and Guerrero.
They emphasize that from January 2018 to date, the Ministry of the Navy had a significant increase in maritime insurances, managing to prevent 11.4 tons of cocaine from reaching the streets. The Americans highlighted the exchange of information with Semar, a unit that was provided with Casa 235 aircraft with modern intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance equipment.
The report notes that the importation of formaldehyde and ammonium chloride continues to be monitored due to its potential diversion since these chemicals can be used to make methylamine, a key chemical for the production of methamphetamine.
The Mexican government controls two fentanyl precursors. However, these controls have not deterred criminal organizations from obtaining these chemicals, so criminals look for "chemical alternatives". The State Department also noted that the criteria of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation have complicated and delayed the fight against money laundering.
Although the Mexican authorities have had some success investigating and blocking the accounts of money laundering suspects, that progress has been limited to prosecute the alleged perpetrators.