Corruption and fight against poverty, main challenges of Mexico

The US State Department pointed out that the Mexican government needs to fight corruption, improve its judicial capacity and reform its laws for the confiscation of assets.
The US State Department pointed out that the Mexican government needs to fight corruption, improve its judicial capacity and reform its laws for the confiscation of assets.

The National Electoral Institute (INE), five years after being resized according to the current electoral legal framework, confirms its commitment and democratic vocation that has been strengthened through three decades of political and social struggles and consensus, said its president, Lorenzo Córdova Vianello.

When inaugurating the IX Forum of Latin American Democracy. Challenges of Politics and Democracy in the Digital Era highlighted that currently, the challenges are focused on solving structural problems such as combating poverty, corruption, and insecurity, among others. Before the Secretary of the Interior (Segob), Olga Sanchez Cordero added that the electoral rules are always perfectible, but three decades ago, the great problem faced by Mexico in its process of democratization was the electoral issue.

"Today, unfortunately, we are experiencing major structural problems of our time: poverty, inequality, corruption, impunity, insecurity, but these are issues that can not be resolved democratically if we do not generate synergies and coincidences in order to define public policies. that they will face them. "It is not a minor challenge that we face, as it is no small thing that we have advanced; today, democracy requires joint work in its defense that involves the solution of these major structural problems, but that is what calls us all together in this forum".

To achieve that goal, added the president of the INE, it is necessary to evaluate and value what has been built, with the defense of what has been done in the matter of democracy, to project a society, which in its wealth and plurality is willing to face the challenges that hurt her as well as democracy.

"The challenges that are common and I'm sure as happened the last 30 years, with the collective construction that involves plural coexistence in democracy, we will be able to face. "A democratic society not only nourishes itself but is enriched by its diversity and its pluralism. This implies the recognition and respect, and appreciation of the different points of view".

For the electoral official democracy starts from a premise beyond its diversity and the different approaches and perspectives of the different ideologies, programs, and political diagnoses, in addition to that there must be a consensus on the same rules of the game.

"That unanimous consensus is the only one that requires democracy, it is the consensus that expresses itself in the face of the challenge we face today in the world in the need to renew, not only our democratic vocation to arrive at democracy, but our democratic vocation to sustain and defend democracy itself against the current challenges."

In addition, she said that in the last four years, with the democratic advance in the country and the strengthening of the National Electoral System, it has had the greatest alternation in history and with this it is evident that in Mexico the free vote of citizens is the one that defines triumphs and defeats.

"What we have lived through three decades has been the product of a set of wills, the talent of many institutions, people, organizations. "It is a collective construction, it is not the work of a person or a political party, and we have to evaluate it, because democracy is always a collective work, in which majorities and minorities participate, always relative as a society advances in time."

Córdova Vianello reiterated that it is necessary to defend democracy against any regression, since it is "a collective work, where we are all called to address, understand, the challenges that technological progress, the evolution of society imposes on democracies, and to renew and reaffirm, from our different trenches, from the trenches that political pluralism supposes, the commitment of all in the democratic defense ".

via Agency

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Corruption in Mexico curbs the fight against drug trafficking

The Department of State of the United States pointed out that corruption and drug trafficking are the main problems that afflict Mexico to combat the production and trafficking of drugs.

In the International Report on the Narcotics Control Strategy 2019, prepared by the International Office of Anti Narcotics and Law Enforcement, it is mentioned that despite the support provided by the US, the Mexican government needs to fight corruption, improve its judicial capacity and reform its laws for the confiscation of assets.

However, the government of Donald Trump sees well that the administration of Andrés Manuel López Obrador has expressed its commitment to fight crime and reduce the rates of violence, and that it seeks to improve the investigation to prosecute those who commit financial illicit acts. But, he emphasizes that corruption continues to impede the drug control efforts in Mexico.

The document specifies that despite that the National Anti-Corruption System seeks to end impunity, the implementation of this system is not ready, because the Senate has not appointed the prosecutor and much less has appointed the 18 judges that will integrate the system.

It also highlights that high-ranking government officials faced charges of corruption offenses last year, a crime involving almost 20 former governors. For example, they cite the case of Javier Duarte, former governor of Veracruz, the interim governor of said entity Flavino Ríos, and the investigation against the former governor of Nayarit, Roberto Sandoval.

The government of the United States estimates that the cultivation of poppy in Mexico increased since in 2017 44 thousand 100 hectares were cultivated, surpassing the 32 thousand hectares detected in 2016. Most of the cultivation occurs in the states of Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Durango, and Guerrero.

They emphasize that from January 2018 to date, the Ministry of the Navy had a significant increase in maritime insurances, managing to prevent 11.4 tons of cocaine from reaching the streets. The Americans highlighted the exchange of information with Semar, a unit that was provided with Casa 235 aircraft with modern intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance equipment.

The report notes that the importation of formaldehyde and ammonium chloride continues to be monitored due to its potential diversion since these chemicals can be used to make methylamine, a key chemical for the production of methamphetamine.

The Mexican government controls two fentanyl precursors. However, these controls have not deterred criminal organizations from obtaining these chemicals, so criminals look for "chemical alternatives". The State Department also noted that the criteria of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation have complicated and delayed the fight against money laundering.

Although the Mexican authorities have had some success investigating and blocking the accounts of money laundering suspects, that progress has been limited to prosecute the alleged perpetrators.

via Agency

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