The Mexican Revolution can be considered the most important political, economic, and social event of the 20th century in Mexico. It took place within the framework of an authoritarian political regime that lasted for decades, resulting in enormous social and economic inequality.
With time, diverse people, groups, and organized forces began to mark the actions and movements that would lead to the outbreak of such an important event. Below you can find several of the characters that were part of the Mexican Revolution. These are some of them.
Flores Magón Brothers
Jesús, Ricardo and Enrique were politicians and journalists who opposed Porfirio Díaz. In 1900 they founded the newspaper "Regeneración" and in 1902 Ricardo and Enrique edited "El hijo del Ahuizote" (" The Son of the Ahuizote").
Both publications were eliminated by the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz and they had to leave the country in 1904. They are considered precursors of the Mexican Revolution, being their approaches the most outstanding and progressive of their time.
They actively participated in political propaganda in support of Francisco I. Madero. Aquiles Serdán founded the political club "Luz y Progreso" ("Light and Progress") where the weekly newspaper "La No Reelección" ("No Reelection") was published, thus spreading the first revolutionary ideas.
They are regarded as the first martyrs of the Revolution since two of them died on November 18, 1910 in their home after a confrontation with the police of Puebla and the Federal Army.
Francisco I. Madero
Politician and businessman, an opponent of President Porfirio Díaz, who promulgated the Plan of San Luis with the slogan "Sufragio efectivo, no reelection" (effective suffrage, no reelection). Francisco I. Madero assumed the presidency of Mexico after the resignation of President Diaz in 1911 but was betrayed by Victoriano Huerta and assassinated in 1913 as a result of the coup d'état known as Decena Trágica.
José María Pino Suárez
Politician, lawyer, poet, and journalist. Member of the National Anti-Reelectionist Party, he joined Francisco I Madero in his political campaign. José María Pino Suárez was Governor of Yucatan and Vice President of Mexico, in 1913 he was shot in Lencumberri along with Madero during the Decena Trágica.
Military and peasant leader, known as the Caudillo of the South, he led the Liberating Army of the South. He promoted the social struggle and the peasant and agrarian demands. Emiliano Zapata decreed the Plan de Ayala in which he disowned the government of President Madero for betraying the peasant causes and was assassinated in 1919 after the betrayal of Jesús Guajardo.
Doroteo Arango was one of the most representative leaders of the Mexican Revolution, joining the Madero movement in 1910. In 1913 he formed the Northern Division, supporting Emiliano Zapata and Venustiano Carranza against Victoriano Huerta. Francisco Villa takes up arms again against Carranza. He was defeated by Álvaro Obregón and assassinated in 1923 during the latter's mandate.
Politician, military, and businessman who decides to support Madero, who appoints him as Governor of Coahuila and later as Secretary of War and Navy in his provisional cabinet in Ciudad Juarez. After Madero's assassination in 1913, Venustiano Carranza proclaims the Plan de Guadalupe, where he disavows the government of Victoriano Huerta. During this period he was allied with Villa and Obregón in the north and Zapata in the south. He was president from 1917 to 1920 and was assassinated in Puebla in 1920.
Military and politician, he participated in the movement against Victoriano Huerta supporting Carranza. In 1914, he defeated Francisco Villa and was appointed Minister of War by Carranza. Álvaro Obregón was president of Mexico from 1920 to 1924. During his mandate he promoted the pacification of the country, initiated the distribution of land, and reinstated the Ministry of Public Instruction under the name of Secretary of Public Education with José Vasconcelos as its head, creating rural schools and training new teachers. He was assassinated in 1928 in Mexico City.
Plutarco Elías Calles
Mexican politician and military man, who joins Madero in 1912 and supports Carranza since 1913, who appoints him Governor of Sonora in 1915. He is part of Alvaro Obregón's electoral campaign in 1920; he is appointed Secretary of War by Adolfo de la Huerta and later Secretary of Government by Alvaro Obregón.
Plutarco Elías Calles was President of Mexico from 1924 to 1928, creating the Bank of Mexico and restricting the privileges of the Catholic Church, which provoked the Cristero War. In 1929 he founded the National Revolutionary Party (PNR), which later became the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).