Births in Mexico had a drop in 2020 of 22.1 percent compared to 2019, going from more than 2.09 million that year to just over 1.62 million last year, reported the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi).
"Sharp contraction of -22.1% in registered births in Mexico by falling from 2 million 092 thousand 214 in 2019 to 1 million 629 thousand 211 in 2020 exceeds the average decrease of -2.9% observed in 2016-2019 and coincides with the pandemic, the confinement, and closures of the Civil Registry," detailed Julio A. Santaella, director of Inegi.
The data presented reveal that the rate of registered births per thousand women of reproductive age was 47.9, lower by 13.1 points compared to the previous year. Mexico City, Mexico City, and Sonora, with the lowest births. While the states with the highest magnitudes in this rate were Chiapas with 67.6 per 1,000 women, Guerrero with 65.7, and Zacatecas with 62.9. On the other hand, the states with the lowest rates were Mexico City, Mexico, and Sonora with 25.8, 38.9, and 41.1, respectively.
"The decrease in registration for 2020 coincides with the period of the covid-19 pandemic, which generated a reduction in the demand for registration services due to the confinement of people in their homes, as well as the conditions that health authorities defined for the operation of non-essential economic activities," said Inegi.
The state with the highest number of births registered last year was the State of Mexico with 136,251, followed by Jalisco with 94,372 and Puebla with 71,732. Of the more than 1.6 million births registered, a little more than 1.45 million were attended in a clinic or hospital and 69,336 in private homes. The rest were not specified.
The agency also specified that 98.4 percent of the births were single births while 1.6 percents were twins or multiple births. In addition, of the total number of registered births, 50.9 percent were male and 49.1 percent were female.