The United States will reopen its land borders to non-essential travel next month, ending a 19-month freeze due to the COVID-19 pandemic as the country takes steps to require all international visitors to be vaccinated against the coronavirus.

Travel by vehicles, trains, and ferries between the U.S. and Canada, and Mexico has been largely restricted to essential travel, such as commerce, since the early days of the pandemic. The new rules, to be announced Wednesday, will allow fully vaccinated foreign nationals to enter the United States.

Regardless of the reason for travel beginning in early November, when a similar easing of restrictions for air travel into the country will be put in place. By mid-January, even essential travelers seeking to enter the U.S., such as truck drivers, will be required to be fully vaccinated.

Senior administration officials previewed the new policy Tuesday night on the condition of anonymity to speak before the formal announcement.