Signing the Iguala Plan: the conclusion of the struggle

06/01/2021

February 24th is the anniversary of the signing of the Plan of Iguala, a document that puts an end to the war of Independence in Mexico. The document indicates the terms that conclude the union between Mexico and the Spanish crown and establishes that the government would be commanded by the Army of the Three Guarantees.

Signing the Iguala Plan
Signing the Iguala Plan

Culminating this confrontation was very complicated, after the death of Miguel Hidalgo and José María Morelos, General Vicente Guerrero was left in charge of this movement.

Agustín de Iturbide was sent to fight Guerrero, but, against the wishes of the Spanish crown, Iturbide made an alliance with the insurgent general, resulting in the drafting and signing of the Plan de Iguala. It was sealed with the "Abrazo de Acatempan" (Acatempan's embrace) thanks to the troops joining together and that is how the Trigarante Army was formed.

Conformed by 23 articles, the document was the result of diverse ideas such as independence, the union of its inhabitants, the formation of the army, as well as establishing the form of government as a constitutional monarchy, and the Catholic religion would be the only one accepted in the country.

The document was written and signed in the city of Iguala, (current State of Guerrero) which at the beginning of the XIX century, was part of the State of Mexico.

In that same act of signing, the tricolor flag was raised for the first time, designed to symbolize the pact between realists and insurgents. The principles that guaranteed this agreement were "Religion, Independence, Union" and were represented by the three colors located diagonally: white, green, and red.

In this regard, the Mapoteca Manuel Orozco y Berra, within its collection has a historical map of the city of Iguala, the document shows the distribution of the city at the beginning of the twentieth century, the location of the most representative places as well as a brief historical review where you can read the following

"By the language, the characteristic features of race, by the brave, intelligent and suffered spirit, it is presumed that Aztec settlers were the founders of the town that existed at the foot of Cerro Grande, in the place known today as Pueblo Viejo of the current city of Iguala".