Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve, the garbage paradise

The most important Biosphere Reserve in Quintana Roo, with more than half a million hectares presumably under the protection of the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (Conanp), considered a paradise where nine different types of vegetation coexist, four types of mangrove, America's largest feline - the jaguar, but also the panther and the ocelot, as well as 320 species of birds, is sadly abandoned.

Neither the studies of the affectations, nor the garbage turned conceptual art for the reflection, have served of great thing: the plastic continues to be deposited every day in the once pristine natural reserve
Neither the studies of the affectations, nor the garbage turned conceptual art for the reflection, have served of great thing: the plastic continues to be deposited every day in the once pristine natural reserve

Among all the life of nature, too, unfortunately, hundreds of tons of plastic garbage are plentifully scattered everywhere, coming from the most different corners of the world, through marine currents or by the hundreds and sometimes thousands of visitors They visit the reserve daily, some of which violate the graffiti regulations of the area.

The issue of garbage in the Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve has been abundantly treated, both by researchers and artists, by civil society organizations, and by international and local foundations.

The situation is alarming, the garbage dump has been made in decades and decades before the authorities and the little awareness of the people who leave their garbage in this natural park.

The theme of plastic garbage in a nature reserve that was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987, despite so many complaints, artistic exhibitions, awareness campaigns, and beach cleaning, grows at every step.

Neither the National Commission of Natural Protected Areas, nor the Federation, nor the Government of the State, much less the mayor of Tulum, have shown strong actions that in the medium term could mitigate this problem.

It is often said that much of the garbage comes through tourists and visitors to the natural reserve and although much of it, especially in the area of ​​the Boca Paila Bridge, has that origin, the reality is that a large part of the waste that is observed along the 120 kilometers of coastline with which the reserve has come mainly from the high seas, through the marine currents that flow precisely in this region.

Well documented is the irresponsibility of cruise shipping companies and maritime transporters that to avoid additional costs in the treatment of their waste, instead of depositing them in defined areas, they opt for direct dumping on the high seas, and part of these wastes land on the coasts.

In the Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve researchers have found garbage from more than 45 countries and have exposed the way it affects the ecosystem and marine or terrestrial species. With that garbage, some artists in the past have held exhibitions even in galleries in New York.

Neither the studies of the affectations, nor the garbage turned conceptual art for the reflection, have served of great thing: the plastic continues to be deposited every day in the once pristine natural reserve, the most important of Quintana Roo, and now they are accumulated together with the Sargasso in Sian Ka'an.

The original text of this article was published by the Quadratín Agency at the following address: https://quintanaroo.quadratin.com.mx/sian-kaan-el-paraiso-de-la-basura/ 

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