Scientific in Mexico eliminates the papillomavirus
The doctors emphasize the importance of women performing periodic check-ups to detect the virus in time. This attacks the defenses, so it is essential to have a healthy diet and exercise to keep them more active.
One technique was applied to 29 patients who eliminated 100% of the virus, which is one of those responsible for cervical cancer, the second to cause female mortality.
The human papillomavirus is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases today. Physicians linked to gynecological or oncological topics agree that about 70% of the population is a carrier and does not know it. According to figures from the World Health Organization (WHO), cervical cancer (CCU) is the second most frequent type among women in the less developed regions, where it is estimated that in 2018 there were about 570,000 new cases (84% of the new global cases). In 2018, some 311,000 women died from CCU; More than 85% of these deaths occurred in low and middle-income countries.
The most common cause of cervical cancer is the virus, so from international health agencies, there is a campaign for citizens to take precautions. One of the drawbacks is that it is asymptomatic, so when the discomfort begins is when there are major complications. Therefore, the importance of annual check-ups.
In Mexico, Dr. Eva Ramón Gallegos carries out studies to eliminate the virus in the initial stage. A product of their research found a procedure that eliminated 100% of HPV in 29 women, which gives hope to reduce deaths.
Photodynamic therapy, which has been studied by Ramón Gallegos for two decades, involves applying a drug called aminolevulinic delta acid to the cervix, which after four hours transforms into protoporphyrin IX, a fluorescent chemical that accumulates in cells. damaged, which allows eliminating with a special laser beam, only structures impregnated with this compound.
According to international media. In the clinical phase, 420 patients were treated in the States of Oaxaca and Veracruz, in addition to 29 in Mexico City, who were infected with HPV and had premalignant lesions in the cervix or both. In the first part of the investigation, which looked only at women in Oaxaca and Veracruz, the treatment was applied three times with an interval of 48 hours each, with a radiation time according to each case and the type of injury. In people who only had the virus without injuries, it was eliminated by 85%, in those who had injuries, the same percentage was also achieved.
While in the inhabitants of Mexico City double the acid concentration was applied, 100% was eliminated in the patients who carried it without having injuries. According to the researcher, this therapy has no side effects.
"Unlike other treatments, it only removes damaged cells and does not affect healthy structures. Therefore, it has great potential to reduce the death rate from cervical cancer, " she explained.
In Ecuador, the Ministry of Health included the vaccine for a time, which was provided to girls between the ages of nine and 14, but it is no longer placed. However, in particular centers do exist, the cost prevents 100% of the population from being vaccinated.
One of the centers to provide it is Aprofe, the medical director of the entity, Liliana Cevallos explained that the disease affects women, but it can also increase the incidence of cancer in men.
That is why the head of the Clinical and Molecular Laboratory of the Society for the Fight against Cancer (Solca), Juan Carlos Ruiz, emphasizes that treatment is a matter for both men and women, and because of the scope, it is already a health issue that should be Take into account the State.
The virus has several stages but the person only realizes when warts appear. The doctor says that they can appear not only in the vaginal area but also in the mouth and anus. The gynecologist of the Los Ceibos Social Security hospital, María Inés Romero, details that the virus takes many years, so she emphasizes that it is not conceivable that there are still women who die from cervical cancer.
Once there is suspicion in the pap smear, colposcopy is performed, which is a more specific examination. In Los Ceibos it has been done since February 2018. There is an average of 15 patients per week. According to the obstetrician, there are women who undergo treatments, after six months they return and the problem is already controlled.
If a woman undergoes treatment and controls the affectation by the virus, it is of no use if her partner does not receive a procedure as well. "Men are the vectors and if she is cured, if she has sex with that same partner again, it is useless, because she is infected again."
If the problem is addressed in an integral way as a country, the incidence of cancer could be reduced in about 20 years, explains Ruiz. It also ensures that a person can carry more than one type of virus. According to WHO, there are 100 types, of which 14 are those that are most related to cancer.
In Colombia, the vaccine is available from the public health system, says Cevallos. Explains that this applies between nine and 14 years because it is assumed that there is still no sexual relations, although in the country that reality is changing.