Remote working, or 'teleworking' as it is known in many other places, has become a great tool that enables digital nomads to travel and explore the world while allowing them to work for different companies. In Latin America remote working has grown exponentially over the last few years. Technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Intelligent Cities, Robotization, Cloud Computing, Big Data, networking, coworking, information, among others; have helped the growth of this industry, in addition to contributing significantly to labor insertion, modernization, the decrease of time in urban mobility, and quality of life.

Brazil was a pioneer more than 20 years ago implementing remote work in Latin America. Since then, many countries in the region are promoting telework, such as Ecuador, Peru, Costa Rica, Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, where they are updating their regulatory frameworks to regulate this form of work.

Thanks to this type of progress, the employment rate is growing throughout the region, not only because of the boom in new technologies in which many companies have noticed the importance of becoming part of the digital world but also because it allows digital nomads to develop professionally and personally by learning from other cultures in different places.

According to a study by the International Academy for Labour Transformation in Latin America and the Caribbean (ITA-LAC), remote work promotes sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all.

The study also shows the number of teleworkers in some countries such as Brazil, which has about 15 million people, in Argentina about 2% of the formal labor force telework, this is about 4 million people, Mexico (2'600.000, 57% of companies apply telework), Chile (500.000), Colombia with 122 thousand people and in Costa Rica more than 30 thousand people telework.

Growth in Latin America

There is no doubt that remote work or teleworking has been growing steadily in recent years in Latin America. Jorge Llubere, president of the International Academy for Work Transformation - ITA-LAC, says that "this is explained on the one hand by greater access to digital technologies, improved bandwidth and end-user devices among the population. Also because it has been determined that greater productivity is obtained, costs are reduced and the quality of life is improved; as well as because it has become an option to favor social inclusion and provide greater opportunities to entrepreneurs. Similarly, road congestion and actions to improve the environment have significantly boosted this growth.

In this way, remote work has countless advantages, one of the most outstanding is to be able to work from anywhere, avoiding the routine of working in the same place every day of the week, reduces mobility times because it avoids travel, provides the opportunity to integrate people with disabilities, also increases productivity, reduces infrastructure costs among many other benefits.

Many types of work can be done remotely. In Latin America, the most common and that is taking more growth vary with the arrival of emerging markets. There are works in different areas such as software programmers, design, journalism, public relations, photography, translators, community managers, data analyst, online classes among others, in addition to the famous SMEs that have been bringing different and innovative solutions to the Latin American market, offering products or services that according to the Inter-American Development Bank represent 67 percent of the national income of the countries in the region.

One of the great challenges that Latin American countries have in common regarding remote work is to diminish inequalities, accelerate economic and social development, in addition to making a great commitment to have a region completely connected, where there is a complete digital inclusion in which from the richest to the people of lower social classes can have the technological tools that allow them to have economic, social and cultural development in the places they live.

Aware of this global reality, ITA-LAC implements new workspaces and human development in communities, where it strengthens labor links, training for digital or remote work, innovation, and social and labor inclusion. These centers are perfect for teleworking, to learn new skills and competencies of the digital economy, are a window of opportunity for new businesses, and promote employment and job placement through digital entrepreneurship. Finally, Mr. Alvaro Mello, president of the International Work Transformation Academy (ITA), states: "We are relevant actors in this new focus with ICT humanity, which enhances its advantages in all companies, consolidating the organizational strategy of telework as an excellent practice.