Mexico reduced 23% of hectares under poppy cultivation
Mexico reduced the number of poppy cultivated hectares by 23 percent, going from 28,000 in 2017-2018, to 21,500 in the 2018-2019 period, reports the Poppy Cultivation Monitoring Report in Mexico, prepared by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in collaboration with various federal agencies.
In the framework of the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, which is commemorated every June 26, the UNODC highlighted that less poppy and coca crops are reported in Mexico, Peru, Colombia, and Bolivia. However, they warned that there is greater potency in cannabis plants and a lower perception of risk in its use, which in the case of adolescents, decreased by 40 percent.
They also detected an increase in the sale of drugs over the Internet, with an increase of more than 300 percent between 2017 and 2020, compared to a period of 2011-2017, which includes the use of social networks and e-commerce companies. Among the permanent effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on the drug, market were identified an increase in the size of shipments, increased use of private aircraft; more small boats and maritime traffic; and widespread use of postal services.
The UNODC warns that there is an unprecedented increase in the methamphetamine market, as seizures have increased more than 200 percent, but the detection of its main precursors has decreased 99 percent, which reflects "little international control and great adaptability of criminal groups, particularly in Mexico and Myanmar".
Jorge González Olvera, Director General of Conadic, presented the Report on the Situation of Mental Health and the Consumption of Psychoactive Substances in Mexico, in which he highlighted that in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, stress and anxiety were the most prevalent emotional states.
He assured that the consumption of alcohol and tobacco remained the same among the population, "and that of illicit drugs decreased". Regarding the problematic use of psychoactive substances, he indicated that the demand for attention for methamphetamine use increased by 218 percent, while the demand for alcohol and marijuana use decreased by 31 and 32 percent, respectively.
However, he stated that alcohol and tobacco consumption continue to represent the greatest burden of disease for the population, both as a risk factor and as a direct cause.