Museum of the Treasures of Guanajuato
More than 2 thousand 300 pieces, including coins, medals, tickets, and historical documents are displayed in 7 rooms of the Museum of Treasures.
The history of the towns is defined in addition to its cultural and historical features by its economic structure and in this case by its currencies, its tickets and the way of doing business, this is how the Museum of the Treasures of Guanajuato, located a few steps from the heart of the Historic Center of the city of Guanajuato, in the famous Plaza del Baratillo.
More than 2 thousand 300 pieces, among coins, medals, tickets and historical documents are exhibited in 7 rooms where they can be seen from the oldest coins in Mexico, like one of 4 reales, silver dating from 1536, which is considered as an "extremely rare" piece, especially due to the conditions in which it is exhibited, explained Erick Castillo Magaña, the director of the Museum of the Treasures of Guanajuato. It is the only Museum in Mexico, which contains Mexican numismatics from the time of the colony, in 1536 the first coin was struck, until modern times. The collection aims to tell the story of Mexico through 7 different rooms that represent the same number of historical moments that are very important for Mexican history.
The room of the Viceroyalty where the coins minted by the Spaniards in Mexico are shown; what is the movement of the Independence of Mexico, with the coins coined by General Morelos that exposes little-known coins; the first Mexican Empire with the circulating coins in the management of Agustín de Iturbide; the independent Mexico, the time of Maximilian, among others, is what the visitor can find. There are coins rescued from sunken ships, which enrich the collection and which are duly certified; There is also the Golden Shields, for larger transactions.
From Mexico, there is a variety of General Morelos coins, called Sud, which means South, and that is the first fiduciary currency in Mexico, meaning that its value is not backed by silver or gold, but rather by copper coins., that it was difficult to obtain, because it was even used as part of the insurgent troops, with the promise that at the end of the war of independence, they would be exchanged for silver coins.
The coin is exhibited first, where the eagle appears in the nopal that is a national emblem; there is also the first coin of the Independence period where a Leon de Castilla appears and on the reverse the symbol in Insurgent Arc, which is known as América Morelos provisional currency, with a value of half real silver.
The history of Mexican banknotes is also exhibited when they began printing in the country in 1971 because before that year they were printed in the United States. There is also evidence of the terrible monetary devaluation when there were 100 thousand pesos bills that ended up becoming Nuevos Pesos or New Pesos.