100 days of López Obrador: these are the most applauded and the most criticized measures

Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador

This March 10, one hundred days have passed since the assumption of office by the President of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO). His arrival at the Palace of Los Pinos on December 1 was a revulsion in the politics of a country that had been alternating between the two main parties for over thirty years.

AMLO came to the elections, for the third time, with a speech focused mainly on the adoption of new social measures to help overcome the inequality that reigns in the country, as well as a battery of measures that promised to end corruption in all the scales.

After his first hundred days in office, a study published this week by 'El Financiero' says that AMLO has a 78 per cent approval, the best data of a Mexican president in the last 30 years for this period.

Fifty-two per cent of those who valued the president says they approve him for what he has done to date, while 47 per cent supports him for what they expect him to do. By areas, among the best evaluated is the fight against crime and insecurity, with 58 per cent favourable opinions and 22 per cent unfavourable. The fight against corruption also generates 58 per cent positive opinion, while the management of the economy stands at 53 per cent; the fight against poverty, in 51 per cent, and foreign policy, in 45 per cent.

Among the government actions best evaluated is the reduction of salaries of employees and officials, with 79 per cent favourable opinion or the morning conferences that capture a73 per cent positive and the creation of the National Guard, with 64 per cent of support for. On the contrary, removing resources from children's stays generated a majority negative opinion of 56 per cent.

In perceptions of success, the most notable is the fight against huachicoleo, fuel theft, with 80 per cent positive opinion. The sale of the presidential plane, still pending, generates 58 per cent favourable opinion; the patrimonial declarations of the civil employees, 55 percent; the construction of the Mayan Train, 50 percent, and the construction of the air tracks in Santa Lucia, 43 percent, with 41 percent expressing a negative opinion on that matter.

Among the least successful that people perceive are the investigations on the death of the governor of Puebla, Martha Erika Alonso, who generate 29 per cent favourable opinion and 46 per cent unfavourable.

Despite the good data, its first three months have also been marked by controversy, as the first step as some of the most controversial. The most controversial, undoubtedly, has been the creation of the National Guard, followed by the decision to eliminate certain aid to daycare centres to deliver them directly to parents.

The National Guard is a controversial body that will fight against the drug gangs and organized crime that have the country in suspense. Despite having a majority in both houses, Morena, Lopez Obrador party, had to reach agreements with all the political forces to approve its creation, since it does not possess the two-thirds needed to make constitutional reforms. From the beginning, the proposal was strongly criticized by human rights organizations as it implies the militarization of the country. The body, which will have 50,000 troops from the military forces, will be subject to parliamentary control and is expected to enter fully into operation halfway through the presidency of López Obrador, in 2021. Despite the controversy, this measure, according to 'El Financiero', It has a 64 per cent social approval.

The so-called children's stays have stopped receiving subsidies, considering that many of them were managed by people who obtained benefits during the different governments of the PRI and the PAN. In return, AMLO has promised that the aid will go directly to the parents.

AMLO has made the same decision as with day care centres in shelters for battered women. In his opinion, these had also grown "as private services parallel to the government network" and the president considers that they should be under the protection of the Government, according to the Mexican newspaper 'Imparcial'. Therefore, the Mexican president has said that the federal government will continue to support with 300 million pesos (15 million dollars) about 70 shelters for women who have suffered violence. Despite criticism of the measure by some sectors that have accused the president of eliminating aid to battered women, AMLO has launched a national plan of emergency actions to stop violence against women in a country where each half of nine girls and women are killed, many of them just for the sake of being so, according to the National Institute of Women (Inmujeres). 

López Obrador has almost six years in office, provided that half of the same the Mexicans reaffirm him through a referendum as he promised in the campaign. For the moment, the most social government of the last decades in Mexico is also being the most supported.

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Mexico's new president, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, takes office

On Saturday leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador was sworn in as the country's next president at a ceremony in the capital.

The 65-year-old former mayor of Mexico City won a landslide victory in the July 1 elections, after two prior unsuccessful bids for the presidency. He became the first leftist to be elected president since Mexico transitioned to multiparty democracy in 2000, and he is the country's first leftist leader in over 70 years.

Speaking after taking the oath of office, Lopez Obrador criticized the policies of previous "neoliberal" governments, saying they have left a disastrous legacy. He pledged "a peaceful and orderly transition, but one that is deep and radical."

His inauguration has also been different from those of previous presidents. After taking the oath of office before Congress, he is to hold another ceremony in Mexico City's main square, where a leader of Mexico's indigenous communities will give him a ceremonial wooden staff as a symbol of authority.

Lopez Obrador is inheriting a host of issues from his predecessor, Enrique Pena Nieto - who is leaving office with historically low approval ratings.

Mexico's new leader will have to contend with widespread corruption, violence fueled by drug cartels, as well as difficult diplomacy with the neighbouring United States and its unpredictable president, Donald Trump.

Lopez Obrador has vowed to fight corruption, help those living in poverty and clamp down on business elites, although he has not provided specific plans on how he intends to accomplish those goals.

He has vowed to lead by example and has cut his own salary by 60 per cent. In addition, he has announced plans to sell the presidential jet and take commercial flights, to eliminate the presidential security detail and to live at his private home instead of the sprawling presidential residence Los Pinos outside of Mexico City.

Despite Lopez Obrador's promises that he will enact fiscally responsible policies, Mexican stocks and the peso have fallen in recent weeks.

Information from DW.