By 2020, Mexico will be the 10th most populous country on the planet
Of the almost 125 million inhabitants in the country, 61.12 million are men and 63.86 million are women; it also highlights that 76.9% of the total (96.06 million people) live in urban areas, while 23.1% (28.92 million) live in rural areas.
The most populated entities in the country are the State of Mexico, with 17.65 million inhabitants; Mexico City, with 8.78 million; Veracruz, with 8.23 million; Jalisco, with 8.21 million; Puebla, with 6.38 million; Guanajuato, with 5.96 million; and Chiapas, with 5.45 million inhabitants.
The most urbanized states in the country are: Mexico City, with 99.5% of its population in urban spaces; Nuevo León, with 94.7%; Baja California, with 92.3%; Coahuila, with 90%; Colima, with 88.8%; Quintana Roo, with 88.2%; Tamaulipas, with 87.8%; State of Mexico, with 87%; Jalisco, with 86.6%; Baja California Sur, with 86.1%; and Sonora, with 86%.
The entities with less urbanization in the country are Zacatecas, with 59.5% of its population in urban areas; Guerrero, with 58.2%; Tabasco, with 57.4%; Hidalgo, with 52.2%; Chiapas, with 48.7%; and Oaxaca, with 47.3%.
By age structure, Inegi estimated, through the National Survey of Demographic Dynamics (ENADID, 2018), that by 2018 there would be approximately 31.56 million girls and boys from 0 to 14 years of age; 77.99 million people are in the range of 15 to 59 years of age; while 15.39 million people are 60 or older.
A COUNTRY ON THE MOVE
According to ENADID, 17.2% of the national population lives in entities other than those to which they were born, this implies a total of 21.48 million people, a sum higher than the total population of countries such as Romania or Chile.
The entities with the highest percentage of immigrant population to their territories are: Quintana Roo, with 51.4% of its population; Baja California Sur, with 39.9%; Baja California Sur, with 39.4%; Estado de México, with 33.5%; Colima, with 28.5%; Morelos, with 24.6%; Querétaro with 24%; Nuevo León, with 22.6%; Campeche, with 22.1%; and Tamaulipas, with 21.7%. In contrast, the entities with the lowest proportion of the immigrant population are Veracruz, with 8.7%; Michoacán, with 8.5%; Oaxaca, with 6.6%; Guerrero, with 6.4% and Chiapas, with 3 percent.
According to ENADID, between 2013 and 2018, a total of 760,779 people have emigrated from the country, predominantly to the United States of America, that is, an annual average of 152,155 people who have gone to live in other countries.
Of that total, 536,653 international emigrants were men and 224,126 were women; likewise, the number of international migrants has been "balanced" in terms of locality size, since of the total, 388,280 came from localities with less than 15,000 inhabitants, while 372,499 lived in localities with more than 15,000 inhabitants.
FOCUS ATTENTION ON DEMOGRAPHIC ISSUES
World Population Day was commemorated with the objective of focusing attention on demographic problems since by 2016 there are 7,442 million inhabitants and it is estimated that by 2050 there will be 9,700 million people in the world.
According to the United Nations (UN), the world population grows at a rate of 83 million people per year, hence the importance of addressing issues of sustainable development and human rights.
It was on July 11, 1987, when the "Day of the 5 billion" was celebrated when that number of inhabitants in the world was reached. Subsequently, in 1989, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) proposed this date as World Population Day.
However, it was in December 1990 when, through resolution 45/216, the United Nations General Assembly decided to continue with this initiative and it was officially celebrated on July 11, 1990, in more than 90 countries.
In Mexico, the population in 2010 was 112 million 336 thousand 538 people, with an average annual growth rate of 1.4 to 2015, according to the National Population Council (CONATO).
YOUNG PEOPLE, THE MOST AFFECTED
The UN notes that the growth in world population has been driven largely by an increase in the number of people surviving to reproductive age, coupled with changes in fertility rates. This has increased the processes of urbanization and migratory movements, trends that will have important repercussions for future generations.
In this regard, the State of World Population 2005 warned that the current generation of adolescents is the largest in human history, with almost half of the world's population under the age of 25.
This coincides with Conapo's mid-year population projections, which indicate that in 2015, there were 121 million 005 thousand 816 people in Mexico, with a median age of 27 years.
For its part, UNICEF indicates that in Latin America and the Caribbean there are approximately 200 million children under the age of 18, of which 60 percent between the ages of 0 and 12 are poor, and half, between the ages of 13 and 19, live in equal conditions of poverty.
This means that around 118 million children and adolescents live below economic standards of living and lack basic services such as water and sanitation.
Globally, 85 percent of young people live in developing countries and many are reaching adulthood in poverty and facing the dangers of HIV and AIDS, with 515 million adolescents surviving on less than two dollars a day.
For this reason, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) supports family planning by providing quality contraceptives, strengthening national health systems, supporting family planning policies and collecting data.
Since the launch of World Population Day, several UNFPA country offices and other organizations and institutions have commemorated it in partnership with governments and civil society.
MOST POPULATED ENTITIES IN THE COUNTRY
The state of Mexico, with 17.65 million inhabitants
Mexico City, with 8.78 million
Veracruz, with 8.23 million
Jalisco, with 8.21 million
Puebla, with 6.38 million
Guanajuato, with 5.96 million
Chiapas, with 5.45 million
Mexico, a young country but aging
Mexico continues to be a young but aging country, as it decreases the population aged under 15 years, which decreased from 27.5 to 25.3 percent from 2014 to 2018, reported the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI).
According to the results of the National Survey of Demographic Dynamics (ENADID) 2018, 124.9 million people live in Mexico, of which 51.1 percent are women and 48.9 percent are men, with a ratio of 96 men per 100 women.
This survey, which took place between August and October 2018 in almost 120 thousand homes, confirms this trend of the aging of the population. This is reflected in the decline of the youngest population, which is less than 15 years old, going from a ratio of 27.5 percent, in 2014, to 25.3 percent of the population in 2018. Mexico is not yet an aging country, because the majority of the population is still in the early ages from zero to 19 years old.
"This still shows that we are a young country, but we have been having an evolution towards swelling the top of the pyramid (population), and on the contrary, having a reduction in the range from zero to four years, from 4.1 to 3.7 percent." - The president of INEGI
Among the most outstanding results of the ENADID is the global fertility rate, which is estimated to have gone from 2.2 percent in 2014 to 2.1 percent in 2018. In the rural area the fertility rate is higher, of 2.5 percent, against 1.7 percent in the urban area, and by states, among the highest is that of Chiapas, with 2.8 percent or Zacatecas with 2.7 percent. percent, while among the lowest is Mexico City, with 1.3 percent, or the State of Mexico, with 1.8 percent.
Regarding infant mortality, in 2018 it was 15.6 children per thousand of birth, while for the towns of less than 15 thousand inhabitants it rises to 17.2 percent, and for those with more than 15 thousand inhabitants, it is 14.4 percent. thousand of birth. Regarding the use of contraceptives, among women, it has increased its use from 51.6 percent in 2014 to 53.4 percent in 2018.
In terms of migration, the survey indicates that there are 22.5 million absolute migrants, that is, they have moved internally or externally from the country, that is, almost 18 percent of the population. There are a little more than one million people in the country who were born abroad, mainly in the United States, with about 800 thousand people.
INEGI calculates in 760 thousand people who emigrated between 2013 to 2018, of which seven out of 10 are males, and among the most expelling entities of migrants are Guerrero, Mexico City, Chiapas, Veracruz, Sinaloa, and Oaxaca.