Mexico, a young country but aging
According to the results of the National Survey of Demographic Dynamics (ENADID) 2018, 124.9 million people live in Mexico, of which 51.1 percent are women and 48.9 percent are men, with a ratio of 96 men per 100 women.
This survey, which took place between August and October 2018 in almost 120 thousand homes, confirms this trend of the aging of the population. This is reflected in the decline of the youngest population, which is less than 15 years old, going from a ratio of 27.5 percent, in 2014, to 25.3 percent of the population in 2018. Mexico is not yet an aging country, because the majority of the population is still in the early ages from zero to 19 years old.
"This still shows that we are a young country, but we have been having an evolution towards swelling the top of the pyramid (population), and on the contrary, having a reduction in the range from zero to four years, from 4.1 to 3.7 percent." - The president of INEGI
Among the most outstanding results of the ENADID is the global fertility rate, which is estimated to have gone from 2.2 percent in 2014 to 2.1 percent in 2018. In the rural area the fertility rate is higher, of 2.5 percent, against 1.7 percent in the urban area, and by states, among the highest is that of Chiapas, with 2.8 percent or Zacatecas with 2.7 percent. percent, while among the lowest is Mexico City, with 1.3 percent, or the State of Mexico, with 1.8 percent.
Regarding infant mortality, in 2018 it was 15.6 children per thousand of birth, while for the towns of less than 15 thousand inhabitants it rises to 17.2 percent, and for those with more than 15 thousand inhabitants, it is 14.4 percent. thousand of birth. Regarding the use of contraceptives, among women, it has increased its use from 51.6 percent in 2014 to 53.4 percent in 2018.
In terms of migration, the survey indicates that there are 22.5 million absolute migrants, that is, they have moved internally or externally from the country, that is, almost 18 percent of the population. There are a little more than one million people in the country who were born abroad, mainly in the United States, with about 800 thousand people.
INEGI calculates in 760 thousand people who emigrated between 2013 to 2018, of which seven out of 10 are males, and among the most expelling entities of migrants are Guerrero, Mexico City, Chiapas, Veracruz, Sinaloa, and Oaxaca.