Mexico is the country of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) where households spend more on transportation, with 19 percent of their spending and an average of 1,815 pesos a month, according to the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (Imco).
Mexico is the OECD country with the highest family spending on transport
When announcing the "Urban Mobility Index (IMU), specialists from the research center highlighted that households in the periphery spend up to 22.4 percent of their transportation expenses and lose productive hours to get to their activities.
At a press conference, they compared that while in Mexico on average households spend 19 percent of their spending on transportation, in other OECD countries such as India is 16 percent, in Canada 16 percent, Russia 13 percent, and Korea and Japan 12 percent, each.
Imco Project Coordinator, Fátima Masse, pointed out that 33 billion pesos in productivity are lost each year in Mexico City due to traffic congestion, since people spend more time traveling due to inefficient mobility.
For his part, the data scientist of Imco, Óscar Ruiz, said that in the 20 Mexican cities analyzed in this study regarding their mobility conditions, on average 18 percent of people stopped using public transport because they felt insecure.
According to the results of the IMU, the Mexican cities with the most competitive mobility are the Valley of Mexico, Saltillo and Guadalajara, while the least competitive are Villahermosa and Acapulco.
The study indicates that in Mexico, between 1990 and 2015, vehicles grew 3.5 times faster than the population, while in 2015, 15 of the 20 most important cities in Mexico did not register investment in public transport.
The IMCO mentions that only Mexico City, the State of Mexico, Jalisco and Coahuila have a specific mobility law.
Given these results, it proposes six specific actions to improve urban mobility in the country and, with it, the quality of life of the people.
These are to promote public, clean, and financially sustainable transport with prices that cover operating costs, but with differentiated rates so that the vulnerable population pays less.
Allowing innovation and the emergence of new transportation options managed through information technologies. Deregulate first instead of prohibiting and generating evidence-based regulation, through the exchange of information between government and companies.
Develop a mobility law that gives priority to pedestrians, as well as the planning of public and non-motorized transport systems.
Encourage the use of public and non-motorized transport, and finance it through green taxes, such as tenure, collection of urban roads and gasoline tax, he said.
Also, encourage the growth of more compact cities with mixed land uses, fiscal incentives for the construction of social housing in the center of cities, public land banks for transport-oriented development projects (DOT) and the elimination of minimum requirements of parking drawers (as in Mexico City and Guadalajara).
Provide the Municipal Planning Institutes (Implanas) with the necessary powers to sanction, in order to comply with the Land Management Plans, he added.