Mexico impunity: disappearances of people continue to grow
The disappearances of people in Mexico have not stopped and the number of victims is increasing, while many of the advances that are recorded in the search and location of the more than 40,000 people in this situation is the product of the incessant and tireless work of thousands of families facing the misfortune of the disappearance of one of their loved ones, their contributions, and civil society, reported the National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH).
Today the pending subject of the Mexican State persists with the victims of disappearances and their relatives.
In view of this situation, this National Agency pointed out that this debt cannot be covered as long as the authorities do not guarantee the minimum security conditions that put an end to the environment of violence, impunity, and illegality.
"We require security, but not at any cost and not by any means, but that which corresponds to a Democratic State of Law, which is built from a bond of trust, closeness, and cooperation between authorities and society, that does not rule out justice transitional as a way to achieve the truth, reparation for the victims and effective accountability of the authorities ".
The First General Visitor, Ismael Eslava Pérez, participated in the presentation of the Comprehensive Strategy for Attention to Victims of Disappearance in the State of Jalisco, which was headed by Governor Enrique Alfaro, an act in which he demonstrated that 18 states have not established their respective Local Search Commission and 7 have not set up or put into operation their Local Commission of Attention to Victims.
There, he pointed out that for the CNDH, the lack of homogeneous ministerial investigations for the search, location, investigation, and punishment of those responsible for the disappearance of persons represents a structural problem in the area of law enforcement, particularly at the level of federal entities. that in many cases it places the aggrieved and their families in a state of abandonment and revictimization and renders their rights recognized in the General Constitution of the Republic nugatory.
Violence, insecurity, corruption, and impunity that occur in various regions of the country are conducive to and influence the disappearance of people is a scourge that despite the political will repeatedly expressed and some progress to address it, we are still far from dimensioning and adequately address.
In the ceremony held in the Tolsá Chapel of the Cabañas Museum and after recognizing that the provisions contained in said Law are not fully in force, he stressed the importance of materializing its content through the political will of the government agencies that is reflected in the professionalization of the actors responsible for its application, the existence of sufficient resources to implement its contents, so that local search committees, specialized prosecutor's offices, and expert services areas, among others, fully comply with their functions.
Before federal, local and academic authorities, as well as representatives of collectives and civil society organizations and local legislators, said that in this framework is important the Comprehensive Strategy for the Attention of Victims of Disappearance presented by the state government, based on premises fundamental as the recognition of that phenomenon as one of the most complex, painful and outrageous problems we face as a State.
Dialogue with relatives and groups of disappeared persons as the guiding axis of the actions of the different instances involved in the integral attention of this scourge; the creation of the registry of affected family members; provide human and material resources and resources to regional centers, and search, location and research activities, among others.
The disappearance of more than 40 migrants illustrates the impunity
The Government explains that criminals took the migrants from two buses. The Minister of Security sets aside the theory of kidnapping and points to an arrangement to cross the border.
They are not 19, nor 22, nor 25. They are more than 40. Since February, groups of armed men have assaulted at least two bus routes in Tamaulipas, in northeastern Mexico, taking part of the passage, apparently all migrants, all males In the case of last Thursday, the first that came to light, the Government has added a new one this Tuesday, which occurred in February. According to the Executive, the modus operandi in both cases has been similar. The criminal group intercepts the bus on the road, forces it to stop, takes a group of passengers and leaves. Without violence, without resistance on the part of those who take.
This last detail, the presumed docility of the migrants, feeds the main theory of the researchers. Without discarding the hypothesis of kidnapping, the Secretary of Public Safety, Alfonso Durazo, reported Tuesday that it could be an arrangement of migrants with criminals in order to cross the border and reach the United States. "It's one of the main hypotheses," Durazo said.
Whether one thing or the other, the boldness of a group of criminals, capable of assaulting road buses in the middle of the road, getting into vehicles and lowering passengers, is striking. Mauricio Farah, who has investigated the kidnapping of migrants for years in Mexico, says: "In the end, it is a criminal act: kidnapping or trafficking of people, what this case shows is the helplessness of migrants in our territory."
Farah was a researcher at the National Human Rights Commission until a few years ago. He coordinated a report on the kidnapping of migrants that covered the period from September 2008 to February 2009. The numbers are brutal. Only in those six months, he recalls, did they document the kidnapping of at least 9,758 migrants. "In the migratory flow crime has been implicated for years, sometimes capturing the migrants on the southern border, first as polleros [mere traffickers of people] and then kidnap them, or kidnap them directly and lead them north; I have seen that the authority itself gives them to the criminal groups."
In the memory of many these days appears the massacre of San Fernando. In 2010, criminals kidnapped and killed 72 migrants, mostly Central Americans, in the municipality of San Fernando, just the starting point of those who disappeared on Thursday. The discovery of the corpses occurred thanks to one of the migrants, who managed to escape from the ranch where they killed the others. The one in San Fernando was a case in point, one of those moments of the break, a point of inflection. Things, from then on, had to change. Attorney Ana Lorena Delgadillo, who represents a dozen of the 72 families, says they have not really changed that much. "We think we have dragged a history of impunity in this type of cases, and impunity allows this to continue happening." Regarding the specific cases of these months, he says that there are still few data available and that we will have to wait.
The news of the kidnappings came to the media on Monday due to the leaking of the investigation. First, the case of last Thursday was heard. An armed command intercepted a bus that covered the San Fernando - Reynosa route. They forced the driver to stop, they went up, they lowered a group of migrants and they left. The communication of the news has been so strange that the authorities still lack a clear number of missing persons. The first leaks pointed to 19, then, on Monday, it increased to 22. And this Tuesday, Durazo said 25. The only statement that researchers have obtained is that of the bus driver, who apparently said that the armed men went up to the vehicle with a list.
This Tuesday, the Undersecretary of Human Rights of the Ministry of the Interior, Alejandro Encinas, has informed by surprise of the second case. It actually happened before, in February. On that occasion, the criminals took 25 people. Encinas has not come to assess whether it is a kidnapping or not.
Ana Lorena Delgadillo points out a structural problem. "We have not had preventive policies to prevent this from happening, we see a willingness to change this with the new government, that the investigations are finally carried out correctly."
Tamaulipas is one of the most violent states in the country. In 2018 alone, 1,095 intentional homicides were registered, a similar figure compared to the previous year, according to official statistics. Tamaulipas, in addition to registering one of the highest rates of homicides in the country, also has the first national place in missing persons. In the last decade, almost 6,000 people disappeared in this entity. Less than 200 were located.
by El País
Human rights abuses continue to be a problem
The US State Department said that Mexico impunity for human rights abuses continues to be a problem in Mexico when presenting the annual global report on the matter.
"Impunity for human rights abuses remained a problem, with extremely low prosecution rates for all forms of crime. The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) estimated that 94 percent of crimes were not reported or were not investigated."
The report notes the participation of the police, the Army and other state officials, "sometimes in coordination with criminal organizations, in unlawful or arbitrary killings, enforced disappearance, torture and arbitrary detention by the government and illegal armed groups."
"There were several reports that the government or its agents committed arbitrary or illegal killings, often with impunity. Organized criminal groups were implicated in numerous murders, acting with impunity and sometimes in league with corrupt federal, state, local and security officials. The National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) reported 25 complaints of "deprivation of life" between January and November 30."
The State Department also highlights impunity for violence against journalists and state and local censorship and criminal libel; and violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons (LGBTI) does not go unnoticed.
"Journalists were killed or subjected to physical attacks, harassment, and intimidation (especially by state agents and transnational criminal organizations) because of their reports.
"The ability of these media is limited to investigate and inform, since many of the reporters who were murdered covered crime, corruption, and local politics. According to the NGO Article 19, as of December 5, nine journalists had been killed because of their reports."
Protection of personal data is not to protect impunity
The representative in Mexico of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Jan Jarab, said that in Mexico there have been cases of violations of the right to privacy on the part of the authorities, who even publish photographs with crime scenes.
The protection of personal data should not be used to protect the perpetrators of human rights violations, generating impunity, said the representative in Mexico of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Jan Jarab.
In an interview with MVS News, the UN representative considered that a personal data cannot be protected if someone participated in a violation of human rights, "we understand that to look for all the balance if it is difficult, and yes we are going to have many situations that they are going to challenge. "
"The protection of personal data is not to serve or hinder access to truth and justice, it is not here to protect the perpetrators of wrongdoing, the perpetrators of human rights violations," he said.
He recalled that in our country there have been cases of violations of the right to privacy by the authorities, who even publish photographs of the crime scenes. "We have seen authorities that violate the rights of people, the right to privacy, publishing data that should not.
In contrast, he commented that there are authorities that protect the perpetrators of public servants who have committed a violation of human rights, alluding to the protection of personal data.
"If we are going to move forward, we have to move forward on both sides, that citizens have their personal data better protected from the discretion of abuses by the authorities, but that personal data protection is also not used as a tool to hinder access by the authorities. victims to their rights, to their right to truth and justice, "he emphasized.