Mexican women work the most in Latin America
Mexican women are the ones who work the most in the continent, a week, they work 74.4 hours, 50 of them are dedicated to unpaid work such as caring for the home and people, said the program specialist at UN Women Mexico, Juliette Bonnafé
According to figures from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), which indicate the number of hours worked by country in Latin America, she commented in an interview with Notimex that "Mexican women are the ones who work the most continent".
According to the agency, Mexican women work about 74.4 hours per week, however, when they are divided into paid work, it is about 50 hours worked for which they do not receive a salary.
The unpaid work carried out by women in Mexico represents 23% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), "it is considered that all the value of unpaid work, performed mostly by women, represents 23% of GDP, this is the size of the invisible subsidy of women to the national economy".
This is in addition to the fact that the participation of women in the labor market in the country is 43%, in contrast to the 78% observed by men, of the lowest rates in Latin America and the OECD, that is to say, among the lowest in Latin America.
"Mexican women are very poorly integrated into the labor market, but they are the ones who work the most hours in the continent because of the workload of unpaid care, that gives an idea of the breadth and weight they represent."
For this reason, the UN is implementing a care campaign together with organizations such as the government of Mexico City, the International Labor Organization, the Simone de Beauvoir Leadership Institute, the government of Guadalajara and the metropolitan area of Monterrey.
The initiative seeks to make visible the importance of unpaid work as an activity that benefits the whole society, which is why a change of culture centered on the co-responsibility of families to collaborate in domestic tasks and care, but also the State.
For women it is difficult to integrate into the labor market in equal opportunities when there is already a workload in the home, together with the fact that it is invisible, nobody considers it a job and the economic value of carrying it out is not recognized.
The campaign seeks to sensitize in the sense that work at home is a job, which also involves many hours and that it is unfair that it only falls on women, there must be co-responsibility among all people living at home, but also of the State to achieve equality to fairly distribute the work of home and people care.
The co-responsibility within households is that each person takes charge of certain tasks and promote actions to define paternity in which men also take care of the children.
It is about recognizing unpaid work as a public good, "within the private sphere you have to better share the care of the home and people, but you do not have to limit it to the private, it is a public good because society needs this care to be able to prosper together, is not only a family negotiation."
The campaign seeks to change the culture and stereotypes, it is about changing mentalities, but it is going little by little with policies of care and social protection, school incidences, the campaign already circulates in social networks like Facebook and Twitter, of which it is is to promote the right to care but also to the people who care for them.
"Enclosing women in the private sphere can generate a risk of greater intrafamily violence if they do not have economic autonomy, limited decision-making in the home, the risks of violence increase."