How does the Mexican electoral process work? This is what you need to know


On September 7, 2020, the largest and most complex electoral process in Mexico's recent history began, where almost 95 million Mexicans will be able to vote in the midst of what could be the third wave of Covid-19 pandemic infections. The National Electoral Institute informs that the House of Representatives will be completely renewed, there will be 15 governorships in dispute, and there will be a new legislature in 30 local congresses.

Furthermore, 1,900 city councils and municipal boards will be elected. This will require the installation of almost 165 thousand polling places, some 8 thousand more than in the last federal election, and this will require the hiring of more than 50 thousand electoral supervisors and trainers.

On September 7, the entire INE structure was set in motion to make possible all the necessary procedures and activities leading up to the culminating moment, which is voting day, on June 6, 2021. From April 4 and until June 2, the electoral campaigns for the renewal of the House of Representatives will be carried out, but in several states, the campaigns had already begun for the local contested positions.

And on April 4, the electoral ban also began, which orders the federal, state, and municipal governments not to carry out governmental propaganda. During the electoral campaign and until June 6, when voting will take place, only messages on education, health, and civil protection will be allowed, with restrictions, in case of emergency.

The positions that will be at stake on election day

Chamber of Deputies of the Congress of the Union.

Governorships of 15 states: Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chihuahua, Colima, Guerrero, Michoacán, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala and Zacatecas.

Local congresses throughout the country, except in Coahuila and Quintana Roo.

City councils and mayoralties in 30 states, except in Durango and Hidalgo.

In four entities, several local offices will be elected separately: Municipal Boards in Campeche, Sindicaturas in Chihuahua, Regidurías in Nayarit and Presidencias de Comunidad in Tlaxcala.

These are the state-by-state elections

Aguascalientes: 27 congressional representatives and 11 city councils.

Baja California: Governor, 25 congressional representatives and 5 city councils

Baja California Sur: Governor, 21 congressional deputies and 5 city councils

Campeche: Governor, 35 deputies, 13 city councils and 22 municipal councils

Chiapas: 40 deputies and 124 city councils

Chihuahua: Governor, 33 deputies, 67 city councils and 67 municipalities

Mexico City: 66 deputies and 16 city councils

Coahuila: 38 municipal presidencies, 76 city councils and 400 regidurías (city councils)

Colima: Governor, 25 congressional seats and 10 city councils

Durango: 25 deputies

State of Mexico: 75 congressional deputies and 125 city councils

Guanajuato: 36 congressional seats and 46 city councils

Guerrero: Governor, 46 deputies and 80 city councils

Hidalgo: 30 deputies

Jalisco: 38 deputies and 125 city councils

Michoacán: Governor, 40 deputies and 112 city councils

Morelos: 20 deputies and 33 city councils

Nayarit: Governor, 30 deputies, 20 city councils and 138 regidurías (municipal councils)

Nuevo León: Governor, 42 deputies and 51 city councils

Oaxaca: 42 deputies and 153 city councils

Puebla: 41 deputies and 217 city councils

Querétaro: Governor, 25 congressional representatives and 18 city councils

Quintana Roo: 11 city councils

San Luis Potosí: Governor, 27 deputies and 58 city councils

Sinaloa: Governor, 40 deputies and 18 city councils

Sonora: Governor, 33 deputies and 72 city councils

Tabasco: 35 congressional representatives and 17 city councils

Tamaulipas: 36 congressional representatives and 43 city councils

Tlaxcala: Governor, 25 congressional deputies, 60 city councils and 299 community presidencies

Veracruz: 50 congressional representatives and 212 city councils

Yucatán: 25 congressional representatives and 106 city councils

Zacatecas: Governor, 30 congressional representatives and 58 city councils.

By Mexicanist