Metropolitan areas of Mexico still fail to be sustainable
57% of the national population lives in the metropolitan areas of Mexico. According to Eduardo Sojo, director of the National Laboratory of Public Policies of the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE), 76.4% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is generated in these areas.
During the presentation of the Sustainable Cities Index 2018, the expert indicated that these results show that all metropolitan areas still have a long way to go. This is to achieve the goals of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations (UN).
"All metropolitan areas still have a long way to reach the goals of at least one of the SDGs. In turn, in each objective there are metropolitan areas with significant lags. This index is a tool that will allow decision makers and the general public to identify common challenges and acquire learning, "said Sojo.
Presented by Citibanamex, the Sustainable Cities Index 2018 measures the progress of metropolitan areas in Mexico towards compliance with the SDGs. The index was made in conjunction with the CIDE, the Mario Molina Center (CMM) and the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (Imco).
According to a statement, the study prepared since 2013 considers 56 metropolitan areas nationwide as units of analysis.
The results of the Index show that Guadalajara obtained the highest average with 58.31%, where it stood out in the areas of poverty eradication, actions for the climate, life of terrestrial ecosystems and the construction of alliances to achieve objectives.
For its part, Aguascalientes had an average of 57.92% with outstanding work in favor of clean water and sanitation. In third place was the Valley of Mexico with 57.19% after an advance in renewable energies, sustainable communities and strength of legal institutions.
On the areas with greater areas of opportunity are Tehuantepec with 39.74%, Acapulco with 37.87% and Tecomán with 37.71%. This is due to lags in responsible production and consumption, actions for climate and soundness in institutions of justice.
In this regard, Ernesto Torres Cantú, general director of Citibanamex pointed out that:
"The Sustainable Cities Index 2018 represents a magnificent example of how private initiative, academia and civil associations can work together to jointly identify challenges and opportunities in the cities in which we live."