Interpretation of dreams: what are dreams and how did Freud interpret them?
Psychoanalysis as a discipline emerges in the 19th century, although Freud had already begun to work with the "cure for speech" and what he would call the cathartic method in 1895, but it is actually until the turn of the century that the word psychoanalysis takes on the weight it has today.
On November 4, 1899, the first edition of the interpretation of dreams was published, a fundamental work for the development of the discipline since it already includes a large part of Freud's theoretical postulates that shook the world and continue to do so today, such as the concept of the unconscious, the self, and the Oedipus complex, but above all his conception of dreams.
Throughout history, we can find different periods, cultures and characters that have given great importance to dreams as premonitions derived from contact with a divinity that inspires the answers to present or future problems or with daemonic entities that take over the body at night to torment us. Freud is the first to approach a scientific and systematic study of dreams, trying to find their cause and their meaning for the dreamer.
Dreams take on great relevance for psychoanalysis and humanity, since what Freud discovers is that dreams are a product of the psyche of the dreamer, more specifically of that part of the psyche that he called the unconscious.
Taking as a construction material the day-to-day experiences, the intense childhood experiences and the frustrated desires of the individual, the psychic apparatus elaborates a dream whose purpose is, among other things, to allow a discharge of the tension generated by living in society, having to respect moral rules and social coexistence, repressing desires and generating a great frustration.
In other words, the dream grants an exit to the anguish of the daily life allowing to the dreamer to express its but authentic fears and desires, nevertheless it does not do it of a direct way but disfigured and is for that reason that they are to us strange and difficult to understand. Besides discovering this function of the dream, what Freud discovers is the form to interpret them and to rescue its hidden sense, the same that is entails great value for the dreamer.
For the pillow
Dreams are not sterile products of our mind, but rather products that contain information about ourselves and that wait to be understood, if we give them attention and time they generate great personal wealth.