How many prizes did Rome win at the 2019 Oscars?
'Roma', by Mexican artist Alfonso Cuarón, the first Spanish-language film to be nominated for best film, won three awards at the 91st Academy Awards.
The film was won with the statuettes for best foreign film, the first time it is for Mexico, better direction and better photography, both statuettes for Cuarón.
The prize for 'Roma' is the fifth best-looking statuette that has been going to Mexico for the past six years thanks to the extraordinary work of the people known as "Los tres amigos", a group formed by Alfonso Cuarón, Alejandro González Iñárritu and Guillermo del Bull.
The 91st edition of the Oscars was the first gala of these awards in thirty years that had no presenter.
The three Oscars achieved by "Roma", by Alfonso Cuarón, are added to the statuettes obtained until now by professionals of Mexican cinema in the history of prizes that for the first time celebrated the talent of their neighbours in 1950 and that had Anthony Quinn as its most awarded representative.
The actor born in Chihuahua took two Oscars to a better secondary, for "Viva Zapata!" In 1953 and for "Lust for Life" in 1957 and was the Mexican most recognized by Hollywood until the irruption of the "three friends", as knows Cuarón, Alejandro González Iñárritu and Guillermo del Toro.
But Mexico's relationship with the Oscars had begun much earlier, specifically in 1950 when Emile Kuri, a Mexican decorator of Lebanese descent took the statuette for his work in the production direction of "The Heiress", which would follow a second in 1955 for "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea".
Mexican, although that did not translate into nominations of the country in the section of the best film in non-foreign language. The first one would arrive in 1961 with "Macario", by Roberto Gavaldón. Neither this film nor other seven that represented Mexico in the Oscars -including "Amores Perros" and "Biutiful", by Iñárritu, and "El laberinto del fauno" by Del Toro-won the award.
It was the third friend, Cuarón, who finally, on the ninth attempt, took the Oscar for Mexico, as well as two others, to a better director and better photography, the three direct tasks of the filmmaker.
Before, he had already achieved the best director and best editing (shared with Mark Sanger) for "Gravity" in 2014.
The next year Iñárritu was the winner. His film "Birdman" won the Oscars for best film, directing, script -the director himself with Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris and Armando Bo- and Photography, for Emmanuel Lubezki.
'The goat' Lubezki is one of the usual collaborators of Iñárritu and Cuarón, and with the work in his films, he has achieved three Oscars, another milestone for Mexican cinema. In 2014 for "Gravity", in 2015 for "Birdman" and in 2016 for "The Revenant".
This last film continued the reign of the Mexican directors, with Iñárritu picking up again the Oscar for best direction.
In 2017 the Mexican marker went blank in what refers to traditional categories, but that year Iñárritu picked up a special Oscar for its virtual reality project "Meat and sand", a complaint about the situation of migrants who illegally cross the border. The border between Mexico and the United States, a problem on which the three have pronounced when collecting their prizes.
To those who come here (to the US), I hope they will be treated with the same dignity and respect as those who built this incredible nation of immigrants, "Iñárritu said when he received the directorial Oscar for" Birdman "from Sean Penn, who when announcing his name, said smiling: "Who gave this bastard the residence card (green card)?".
Two years later, in 2018, it was Del Toro, when he received his Oscar for "The Shape of Water", who referred to the migrants with Trump already in power.
I am an immigrant, like Alfonso, like Alejandro, like my compadres and like many of us, "said the original director of Guadalajara on a night when his film was the winner with four Oscars: best film, best direction, best music and best production direction.
And this year Cuarón, who thanked the Hollywood Academy for awarding a film like "Roma", about an indigenous woman and domestic worker without labour rights, a type of people that have been "relegated" historically in the cinema.
But before this golden age, Del Toro was about to triumph with "El laberinto del fauno", in 2007. He was nominated for best direction but had to be satisfied with three technical Oscar, two of them for Mexican professionals: better photography for Guillermo Navarro, and artistic direction for Eugenio Caballero, shared with the Spanish Pilar Revuelta.
Another technical category in which Mexico has also won Oscar is in the best sound, thanks to Gonzalo Gavira, who was part of the winning team in 1974 for his work in "The Exorcist", although it is not included in the official list of the Academy of Hollywood, while in 2003 the award-winning was the make-up artist, Beatriz de Alba, for "Frida".
As a curiosity, in 1972 there was a double, unique in the history of the Oscars. Manuel Arango took two statuettes for the short film "Centinelas del Silencio", which won in best short and a best short documentary.
And there are those who consider that the Oscar of Lupita Nyong'o, best-supporting actress in 2014 for "12 Years a Slave" belongs to Mexico, the country where she was born and where her name comes from, but, although she maintains dual citizenship, He has spent most of his life in Nigeria and the United States.