The flower of Jamaica (the hibiscus) is a small flower that belongs to the tulip family. This plant can grow as a shrub about 3 m high. It is a cardoon flower, each flower has approximately seven petals and the plant has long thorns surrounding the flower and stem, the flower is red, 3 to 4 cm long.
It grows in arid climates, this bush is very adaptable to tropical and semi-tropical climates, a very delicate species in terms of climate, although it is very tolerant to cold, it has a great capacity to adapt in climatic areas of the temperate zone. Its scientific name is "Hibiscus sabdariffa". It can be drunk as a tea, soda, and even used as a condiment. The flower has very appreciated nutritional and medicinal properties.
Hibiscus flower arrived in Mexico aboard the Nao de China, Spanish ships that, since 1565, began to cross the Pacific Ocean from the Philippines to New Spain. This one disembarked on the coast of San Diego -today Acapulco, Guerrero- full of food and silks that were traded in the port.
It is useful for weight loss, is used to combat the symptoms of influenza, as a remedy for stomach diseases, and in the treatment of the heart, is used in skin disorders such as ulcers, injuries, and abscesses. It helps women treat menstrual problems.
Jamaica flower contains vitamins (A, C, B1, E) and minerals such as iron, phosphate, and calcium. It is a natural fiber, containing antioxidant, antiseptic, purgative, diuretic, astringent, emollient, and sedative properties. The flower of Jamaica can be consumed cold or hot.