Some 52.7% of Mexicans feel satisfied with democracy in Mexico
In 2020, 52.7 percent of the population aged 15 and over know or have heard what democracy is said to be very or somewhat satisfied with the one that exists in Mexico, according to the National Civic Culture Survey (ENCUCI) 2020. According to the ENCUCI, 31.3 percent mentioned feeling not very satisfied, while another 15 percent said they felt not at all satisfied and 0.5 percent did not specify.
In the study of the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) and the National Electoral Institute (INE), it was observed that women are the most dissatisfied with democracy since 16.9 percent mentioned feeling, not at all satisfied. On the other hand, 14 percent of men said they were not at all satisfied. This survey gathers information on "the features of the predominant political culture and citizen practices in our country", as well as the level of trust placed in the current form of government", said Julio Santaella, President of INEGI.
"These are mechanisms that allow us to know not only how we are doing, but also how we are evolving and if we see how it is progressing in terms of satisfaction with our democracy, we should not throw the bells to the flight because there is still much to do, the disaffection for democracy is present in Mexico and the ENCUCI figures do not relieve them," said Lorenzo Cordova Vianello, president counselor of the National Electoral Institute (INE).
However, Córdova mentioned, "that (although) we are improving, this does not mean that this is an irreversible trend, on the contrary, we know that democracy teaches us from history, it can take us an inflection curve and can end and even be exhausted". At a national level, 88.7 percent of the population aged 15 and over agree that in order to govern a country it is necessary to have a government where everyone participates in decision making.
Furthermore, 69.2 percent of the population considers that they have the knowledge and skills to participate in political activities. In contrast, 77.5 percent of the population considered that to govern a country it is necessary to have a government headed by a strong political leader. On the other hand, the main reasons for discrimination, rejection or differential treatment in the country are social class, 73.3 percent; the way of dressing or grooming, with 72.6 percent, and sexual orientation, with 72.2 percent.
Regarding trust in people and institutions and the relationship with authority, on a scale of zero (not at all) to 10 (completely), 62.1 percent of the population aged 15 and over, the rate between eight and ten the trust they have in most of the people they know personally. While 32.1 percent give this same level of trust to the people who live in their neighborhood or town.
In contrast, the level of trust decreases when asked about most people (21.8 percent) and public servants or government employees (13.8 percent). For the population at the national level, the characteristic that best describes a citizen is having responsibilities, with 36.3 percent. It is followed by having rights, with 29.4 percent; voting, with 10.3 percent; and having political education, with 8.6 percent.