The dangers of being an "illegal" migrant
Cubans from a group of 68 illegal migrants deported from Mexico warned compatriots that they intend to take illegal trips from Central America to the United States that may face "extortion, robbery and kidnappings" along the way.
Local authorities announced the arrival in Havana on Wednesday of the group of illegal migrants deported on the basis of a Memorandum of Understanding on migration signed between the two countries.
A note on the matter clarified that the 68 islanders had left the country legally, but later they became "irregular migrants" in their attempt to arrive by land to the Mexican-American border.
The statement added that these people suffered "consequences derived from illegal migration, the illicit trafficking of people, trafficking and other ills associated with this phenomenon."
Some deportees who spoke with the local press were considered "victims of human trafficking" and denounced "violent acts, extortion, robbery, and kidnapping."
"I tell people not to be fooled," said one of them, called Henry Gustavo. The interviewee arrived in the group on a plane of the Mexican Federal Police.
The young man told the Prensa Latina news agency that criminal organizations operate on the long journey that the "irregulars" must travel to the United States.
"We were a group, and some were left on the way, people are killed or abducted in the jungle, women are raped, not forgetting to deceive us with promises of a few days' journey."
Another deportee, who identified himself as Idel, said that "I and others were robbed of our belongings."
Traffickers "called my dad posing as immigration lawyers and asked him $ 500 for letting me go." Although the interviewee did not clarify it, in similar cases, traffickers try to extort money from relatives of travelers residing in US cities to pay.
Idel stated that during his trip he was detained for several days (under NDR arrest) "without committing any crime".
"Everything is a hoax, they paint it easy for you, but it's not like that," he said. He acknowledged that in Cuba "there are problems" but he refused to force them to take the path of illegal migration. He acknowledged, however, that within the deported group that arrived in Havana, "some have advanced that they will try again to reach US territory, although they have it very difficult".
The article stressed that none of the returnees had visas to enter the United States. Washington has closed the doors of its consulate in Cuba to grant visas from unsolved incidents of so-called "sound attacks" on US diplomats denounced by the government of that country, of which, however, neither the weapon nor the weapon has been determined. the authorship.
The government of President Donald Trump also reduced this month the time of validity of the visa that was given to Cubans for temporary stays in their country that were for five years and multiple entries. Currently, the islander who wants to travel must apply for visas in Mexico, which are now only for an entry valid for three months.
Mexico deported 66 Cubans among the thousands who try to reach the United States
The Government blames Washington for its "aggressive" policy against the island in immigration matters
The Government of Mexico returned to the island on Wednesday 66 Cubans who had entered illegally in their territory and tried, like thousands of their compatriots, to arrive in the US to request political asylum.
The 45 men, 20 women and one minor, who had entered the country irregularly, landed in Havana on a plane of the Federal Police of Mexico under the migratory agreements between Cuba and Mexico, allowing the deportation of residents on the island. The Cuban residence is lost two years after leaving the country.
The 45 men, 20 women and one minor, who had entered the country irregularly, landed in Havana on a plane of the Federal Police of Mexico under the migratory agreements between Cuba and Mexico
The official Cuban press gave a remarkable coverage on the deportation, with images of the descent of the plane of the deportees, of those who said that they will return with their families unless they have "some pending account with the justice".
The press places the news in a context that considers "politicized" with an "escalation in the aggressiveness of the US Government against the Island." To illustrate, remember the modification in the B2 tourist visa, which went from having a duration of five years to one of three months with a single authorized entry.
The route that many Cubans follow to arrive by land to the United States passes through Mexico, where thousands of migrants await a document that allows them to enter as asylees. On March 15, about 300 of them entered by force in the offices of the National Institute of Migration (INM) in Tapachula. In the incident, the officer who tried to bring order was injured.
"At this moment, the figure is around 4,000, of the floating population of Cubans in the city," Guillermo Ramírez Salazar, an official of the governor of Mexico, told the press.
"We had a meeting with UNHCR, where we obtained some data, and at this time it is very possible that the migration to Tapachula triples"
"We had a meeting with UNHCR, where we obtained some data, and at this time it is very possible that the migration to Tapachula triples because in the same period last year, and according to the figures they are carrying, they are expected to enter 60,000 people, "Ramírez explained.
The Department of State of the United States affirms that in the last fiscal year for which there is data, 2017-2018, the arrests of Cuban citizens trying to enter its territory decreased by 88% and a total of 7,079 Cubans entered the country. In recent months, however, a rebound is perceived, since only in February the number reached already 6.289.
Cuba on the verge of a mass exodus of rafters
Tens of thousands of Cubans are looking for the possibility of emigrating from the island due to the resurgence of the economic crisis in the last month. According to the ABC newspaper, Cuba is on the verge of a mass exodus and Cuban immigration to the US.
The critical points for which the Cubans would be trying to emigrate are Caimanera, in Guantánamo, and Banes and Gibara, in Holguín, where the Police and Coast Guard have armored the coast. In both areas there would have been a major police deployment after the referendum on February 24 was the voice that was going to open the Naval Base Guantánamo.
Readers of CiberCuba have assured that in Caimanera they do not let anyone who is not from Guantánamo enter. "They are detaining anyone who comes with an ID card that is not from here, they are like a wasp asking for an identity card at the checkpoint," said a resident in the area.
The ABC says that in Caimanera word spread that boats from the Guantánamo Naval Base would support a hypothetical mass exodus of rafters.
This has caused thousands of Cubans to arrive at the Provincial Bus Terminal with the intention of emigrating to the Naval Base. The Spanish newspaper adds that it could be "the beginning of a large-scale migration crisis."
The official press has not published anything about the situation in Caimanera, but the increase in police repression in the area would indicate that the country is preparing for a mass exodus of rafters. It also influences the fact that last year, for the first time, the United States failed to fulfill its commitment to issue 20,000 annual visas to Cubans.
Nicaragua opens the door to emigration
At the same time, the Nicaraguan Embassy has relaxed the requirements for granting visas to Cubans. Since the beginning of February, according to the ABC, the Nicaraguan diplomatic headquarters in Havana decided to "facilitate the visa application process for Cubans."
Readers of CiberCuba who are in the border with Mexico have confirmed that nowadays Nicaragua is the easiest way to emigrate to the United States because the Cubans save two very dangerous points: the Darien jungle and the migratory controls of Panama and Costa Delicious.
"This sudden change is rare because until less than six months ago getting a visa to Nicaragua was very complicated," said Maria Esther Gómez, a young Havana woman who has relatives in this country.
She also assured the ABC that it is preferable to go to live in Nicaragua "than to stay in a country where the only thing that prevails is the lie and the ideology of the Government".