As part of the change of vision in the fight against drug trafficking and addictions, the federal government made the crystal, a variety of addictive methamphetamine and easy production, the main objective.
Crystal, drug in the sights of the government; national security strategy
"The fight against its trade and consumption will have the highest priority as a social, public health and security problem, given the violence generated by its consumption," says the National Public Security Strategy, sent by the Executive to the Senate, which must endorse it in the coming days.
Guadalupe Ponciano, founder of the Clinic Against Smoking of the UNAM, explained that crystal is a powerful stimulant that produces increased energy, lack of sleep and appetite and a sense of well-being. Its abuse generates violent behaviors and hallucinations.
In as much, between its eight main axes, the strategy emphasizes that the prohibition of certain drugs is unsustainable, a reason why it asks to raise it, without specifying in which.
"The only real possibility of reducing levels of drug consumption is to redirect, in a negotiated and bilateral manner (with the United States), the resources destined to combat its transfer and apply them in massive, but personalized programs of reinsertion and detoxification," she says.
It will combat the consumption of crystal
It will be a priority in the government's security strategy, due to the violence generated by the use of narcotics.
The fight against crystal trade and consumption in the country will have the highest priority as a social problem of public health and safety, given the violence generated by its consumption. This is established by one of the axes of the National Public Security Strategy, which for the first time will have to endorse the Senate of the Republic.
The fight against the use of this drug, as methamphetamine is known, will be a fundamental part of the actions of the federal government.
In contrast, as part of a reformulation of the fight against drugs, raises the need to lift the ban on some of these drugs, as it warns that "the prohibition of certain drugs by the public power is already, from any point of view unsustainable."
"The current prohibitions are so discretionary and arbitrary that they apply to cocaine, marijuana, heroin, methamphetamines and lysergic acid, but do not affect the production and marketing of alcohol, tobacco, beverages containing taurine and caffeine, and the consumption, regulated or not, of certain antidepressants and sleeping pills, "he says.
He adds that "the only real possibility of reducing the levels of drug use lies in redirecting in a negotiated and bilateral manner (with the United States) the resources currently destined to combat its transfer and apply them in massive, but personalized programs of reinsertion and detoxification.
What is National Guard for?
The National Public Security Strategy is made up of eight priority axes that go from eradicating corruption, guaranteeing employment, education, health and well-being to the population to the ethical regeneration of society and reformulating the fight against drugs.
According to the document of 79 pages, the creation of the controversial National Guard, for the participation of the Army and the Navy, will be a pillar of public security, national security, and peace, "given the lack of a professional police institution and able to face the challenge of insecurity and violence.
"These circumstances lead us to propose that, without abandoning their constitutional missions to ensure national security and the territorial integrity of the country, including its airspace and the heritage sea, the preservation of national sovereignty and assistance to the population in cases of disaster, our Armed Forces participate in the construction of peace through a leading role in the formation, structuring, and training of the National Guard ", she points out.
The idea is that this new corporation, which proposes a mixed or intermediate nature, will strengthen ties between the military and the population, and allow the full potential of the military institutes to face the high levels of violence in the country, that was not seen since the Mexican Revolution, and that costs 21% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Alert of high dependence
Methamphetamine, known as crystal, is a powerful highly addictive stimulant, warned the founder of the Clinic Against Smoking in the UNAM, Guadalupe Ponciano Rodríguez.
The specialist in addictions reported that this drug produces an increase in energy, a state of wakefulness, lack of sleep, decreases appetite, causes a sense of well-being and an increase in socialization with feelings of union and empathy.
Through the UNAM Foundation, he commented that the prolonged use of this substance can cause psychosis, paranoia, hallucinations and very repetitive motor activity, for example, constantly scratching. It has also been associated with very violent behaviors, memory loss, mental lacunae, and emotional disorders. In the physical aspect, there is weight loss, dryness of the mouth and involuntary tightening of the jaws, which affects the gums and teeth.
Generally, addicts to methamphetamines ingest other types of drugs, such as alcohol, to counteract the stimulating effect, said the academic from the School of Medicine.