Weather in Cancun: In 34 years, the temperature in Cancun increased by three degrees
An increase of 3 degrees Celsius has been registered in Cancun during the last 34 years due to the excessive growth of the urban area and the destruction of green areas; which has generated heat islands within the city, the most outstanding being the parking lots of shopping centers, synthetic fields, the airport and the residential areas such as Villas Otoch Paraíso and Las Palmas.
Within the urban zones, a bubble or layer of heat is generated that is not absorbed into the atmosphere, this is due to the fact that the cities have concrete floors, few green areas, and spaces of heat concentration, which favors that the solar radiation disperses more slowly.
Large green areas can balance out temperatures in the middle of urban areas, however, in Cancun, there are not many green areas, which causes temperatures to be higher and higher. It is not the same temperature that exists in the center of the city as in the periphery of nearby rural areas, there is a decrease in temperature away from the urban spot.
The city of Cancun has registered a temperature increase in 34 years, since in 1985 it reached a maximum temperature of 29.7 degrees Celsius, in 2019 there was an increase, reaching a maximum temperature of 32.9 degrees Celsius.
The hottest years Cancun has had were 2000, 2009, and 2010; in 34 years the general increase is 3 degrees Celsius.
These data were registered with remote sensing, a way of obtaining surface information remotely through different satellite platforms, through the United States Geological Service; because of the meteorological stations that register variables in the environment, of the National Meteorological System, there are only two in Cancun and they are not enough.
There are different islands (generators) of heat in the city of Cancun and among the most outstanding are the industrial areas, such as Cancun International Airport, the areas of synthetic fields, such as Instituto Césare, the facilities of Cojudeq, Colegio Boston on Chichén Itzá Avenue and Tec Milenio, as well as the parking lots of the commercial plazas, such as MultiPlaza Villas del Mar, Plaza las Américas, La Gran Plaza and the parking lot of Cancun Mall.
There are also residential areas such as Villas Otoch Paraíso and Las Palmas where vegetation is almost non-existent and has very extensive concrete slabs that cause the temperature to rise to 32.4 degrees Celsius.