What is bioengineering and its applications? One of the youngest disciplines in engineering
Bioengineering, also known as biomedical engineering, is a multidisciplinary field that attacks problems in biology and medicine with the tools and methods used in various areas of engineering. This new discipline promises a major breakthrough in the solution of medical and biological problems by focusing its solutions through techniques that have had proven success in engineering, with a clear benefit in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of various diseases that afflict human beings.
Examples of the areas of study that comprise bioengineering are biomedical electronics, bioinstrumentation, biomechanics, biomaterials, biomechatronics, clinical engineering, medical imaging, orthopedic bioengineering, rehabilitation engineering, bionanotechnology, biosensors, bionic engineering, genetic engineering, and neural engineering, among others.
As is common in new disciplines that emerge from the union of others, the benefit is in both directions. For example, bionics, which etymologically comes from the Greek "bios"; meaning life, and the suffix "'-ico" meaning "relating to" is the application of solutions that have been given in biological systems to modern architecture, engineering, and technology.
Imagine that in a few years, human beings will be able to have a computing and storage capacity much greater than the one we currently have in our smartphones but integrated into the brain through biosensors; this will be achieved thanks to bioengineering.
Among many other benefits that bioengineering will bring us, we can also mention the construction of prostheses that will replace some human organs more and more faithfully, or the treatment of some types of cancers by means of micro-robots that are introduced into the human body to attack cancer cells one by one, almost like in a video game.