Alvin becomes a category 1 hurricane in the Pacific and continues its trajectory

The National Hurricane Center reported that Alvin's maximum sustained winds reached 120 kph (75 mph) on Thursday night.

Tropical Storm Alvin intensified tonight to category one hurricane, the first of the 2019 season in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Image: Conagua
Tropical Storm Alvin intensified tonight to category one hurricane, the first of the 2019 season in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Image: Conagua

Alvin the first hurricane of the Pacific season was formed and then lost strength away from the coast of Mexico.

The US National Hurricane Center said Alvin's maximum sustained winds reached 120 kph (75 mph) on Thursday night but fell below the threshold for a hurricane at 110 kph (70 mph) on Friday morning.

According to forecasts, it will continue to weaken as it moves northwestward over the open sea.

The center of the storm was 860 kilometers (535 miles) southwest of the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula on Friday morning and was moving northwest at 24 kph (15 mph).

It was in the month of May when specialists warned that the intensity and number of these phenomena would increase due to factors such as climate change and the low intensity of El Niño.

Christian Domínguez Sarmiento, the researcher at the Center for Atmospheric Sciences (CCA), considered that the main causes of disasters during this season are poor risk management and the lack of response capacity of the authorities.

It will be in the months of July, August, and September when we see these phenomena increase in the Pacific, and the same will happen in the Atlantic in the months of August, September, and October.

On average, each season there are about 14 cyclones in the Pacific, which often impact the peninsula of Baja California, Oaxaca, and Guerrero, while in the Atlantic the average is 12 hurricanes, which mainly affect the areas of Veracruz and Yucatan,.

The location of Mexico between two ocean basins causes it to be impacted by tropical cyclones every year on both sides.

Some of the cyclones that are expected for the season of this 2019 already have a name. This is the case of "Alvin", like the one that is already being presented, "Bárbara", "Cosme" and "Delilah" for the Pacific, and "Andrea", "Barry", "Chantal" and "Dorian" in the Atlantic.

The categories in which the cyclones are classified (3, 4 and 5) are determined according to the wind speed, with category 5 being the most intense, with winds at speeds between 250 and 300 kilometers per hour.

The risk of disaster doubles in Mexico due to the poor response capacity and lack of effective protocols by the authorities. Added to this, it can be said that the most vulnerable population is that of low resources that inhabit the coasts.

"The problem is that Mexicans, in general, tend to underestimate weather events."

As background and examples of this problem, it is enough to remember that between 200 and 2006 Mexico lost around 425 billion due to natural disasters, of which at least 60% was due to tropical cyclones, according to figures from the Center National Disaster Prevention.

"The fact that there are disasters is associated with poor risk management since we do not have an integrated response capability." Emitting the alert to the population is very slow, because three days before we know the trajectory of a cyclone and where it will touch land, but the evacuation is 6 or 12 hours before," said Domínguez Sarmiento.

In 2013, two tropical cyclones hit Mexico simultaneously on both sides, "Ingrid" in the Atlantic and "Manuel" in the Pacific, causing great damage with 150 deaths and economic losses that amounted to 57 thousand 387.5 million pesos.

By Mexicanist Source: Agencies

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