These are the states where abortion is decriminalized in Mexico

01/07/2021

This Wednesday Hidalgo announced that it has approved the law reform against the decriminalization of abortion, thus joining the list of states in Mexico where abortion is legal. These are the states in the country that allow the legal termination of pregnancy under these causes.

The following states have decriminalized abortion in Mexico. Image: Pixabay
The following states have decriminalized abortion in Mexico. Image: Pixabay

According to the National Alliance for the Right to Decide (Andar) in Mexico, these are the states in which abortion is legal, although in some of them the circumstances and reasons for abortion vary, as well as the time limit to be able to perform this practice. There are 8 clauses in order to be able to have an abortion and not be considered a crime:

Product of rape.

When the health of the woman or pregnant person is in danger.

If there is a mortal risk for the woman.

Serious congenital malformation of the product.

If the pregnancy was performed by artificial insemination without the woman's consent.

If the abortion was an accident.

If the woman's finances are a problem.

By free decision.

The latter by free decision only applies to three states, Mexico City, Oaxaca, and now Hidalgo. Meanwhile, in the rest of the states, it is only legal when it is the result of a rape. This according to the Mexican Official Norm, which authorizes this procedure to be carried out in hospitals if the mother so desires. In other specific causes, it is also possible, and there are changes in the number of weeks in which it is allowed to perform this procedure.

Aguascalientes: Legal termination of pregnancy is permitted in cases of rape, the risk to the woman's life, and in cases of reckless abortion (accident).

Baja California: Abortion is legal in cases of rape, risk to the life of the pregnant woman, non-consensual artificial insemination and by accident.

Baja California Sur: Lately there has been a lot of talk because the state Congress rejected the bill to legalize abortion by free choice. In the meantime, it is valid in cases of rape, danger to life, health risks, malformations of the product, artificial insemination and reckless abortion.

Campeche: rape, serious health risks, and reckless loss.

Chiapas: rape, danger of death of the mother and serious congenital malformations.

Chihuahua: rape, serious health, non-consensual insemination and reckless loss.

Mexico City: rape, endangered health of the woman, artificial insemination, reckless abortion and free choice. In addition, other women from different states can access legal abortion clinics.

Coahuila: rape, serious health, non-consensual insemination and miscarriage.

Colima: rape, serious health, risk of maternal mortality, non-consensual insemination and reckless loss.

Durango: rape, risk to the mother's life, non-consensual insemination and reckless loss.

State of Mexico: rape, serious health, risk to maternal life, non-consensual insemination and reckless loss.

Guanajuato: rape and reckless abortion.

Guerrero: rape, serious health, congenital malformations, non-consensual insemination and reckless abortion.

Hidalgo: rape, serious health, congenital malformations, non-consensual insemination, reckless abortion and now by free choice up to 12 weeks of gestation.

Jalisco: rape, health of the woman in danger, risk to the life of the pregnant woman and reckless abortion.

Michoacán: rape, the risk to life, congenital malformations, non-consensual insemination, reckless abortion, economic situation.

Morelos: rape, danger to the mother's life, severe congenital malformations, non-consensual artificial insemination, and miscarriage.

Nayarit: rape, danger to health, risk to the woman's life and reckless abortion.

Nuevo León: rape, risk to the health or life of the patient.

Oaxaca: rape, endangerment of the woman's health, artificial insemination, reckless abortion, and free choice.

Puebla: rape, risk of death, serious congenital malformations and reckless abortion.

Querétaro: rape and reckless abortion.

Quintana Roo: rape, risk to the woman's life, malformations and accidental loss.

San Luis Potosí: rape, risk to the mother's life, non-consensual insemination and accidental loss.

Sinaloa: rape, risk to the mother's life and unintentional loss.

Sonora: rape, risk to the mother's life and reckless loss.

Tabasco: rape, risk to the life of the mother and artificial insemination. i.e. women who accidentally have a curettage, abortion, can be prosecuted.

Tamaulipas: rape, risk to the life and health of the mother and reckless loss.

Tlaxcala: rape, risk to life, congenital malformations, non-consensual insemination, and accidental loss.

Veracruz: rape, risk of death, congenital malformations, non-consensual insemination, reckless abortion.

Yucatan: rape, risk of death, congenital malformations, non-consensual insemination, reckless abortion, economic situation.

Zacatecas: rape, risk of death, reckless abortion.