50% of the jaguar population at risk if Mayan Train does not comply with environmental law

The National Alliance for the Conservation of the Jaguar alerted the FONATUR that around two thousand jaguars that inhabit the Yucatan Peninsula region, which represent half of the population throughout the country, are at risk if the Mayan Train does not comply to the letter with environmental legislation.

The meeting took place in Mexico City due to the concern of researchers, conservationists and disseminators of science who make up the Alliance on behalf of 25 institutions in the country, regarding the project not complying with environmental legislation due to the original outline proposed and that it crossed the Calakmul biosphere reserve.

A total of two thousand jaguars are at risk for the construction of the Mayan Train, according to Gerardo Ceballos, president of the National Alliance for the Conservation of the Jaguar
A total of two thousand jaguars are at risk for the construction of the Mayan Train, according to Gerardo Ceballos, president of the National Alliance for the Conservation of the Jaguar

"There was no pronouncement on compliance with the environmental law and that's why we were interested in talking to them. The line must respect the limits of federal, state and municipal protected natural areas. This is especially relevant with the Tulum National Park (Quintana Roo), the Yum Balam and Sian Ka'an (Quintana Roo) and Calakmul (Campeche) Biosphere Reserves, and the Balam-Ku and Balam-Kin state protected natural areas (Campeche), among others. Under no circumstances should the core and buffer zones of protected natural areas be impacted, "explains Ceballos.

It is worth mentioning that in the last 12 years, the Alliance has achieved the increase of the jaguar population at the national level, which went from 4 thousand to 4 thousand 800 of 2010 to date according to the two censuses that have been carried out in that interim , thanks to the joint work with institutions such as the National Commission of Natural Protected Areas, SEMARNAT, CONABIO, the WWF Alliance - Telmex Foundation / Telcel and the Mexican Fund for the Conservation of Nature.

The researcher indicates that the environmental impact studies must be especially rigorous to verify the feasibility of the project, since the Calakmul biosphere reserve, the natural habitat of the jaguar, is one of the three most important forest massifs left country.

"The Calakmul biosphere reserve is almost twice as large as that of Chimalapas, and two and a half times larger than the Lacandona, which are the three most important forest massifs in the country. Calakmul is one of the 20 most extensive jungles remaining on the planet and the conservation work that has been done there is very important. Therefore the concern, "says the researcher.

Among the points discussed in the meeting, Ceballos explained to Jiménez Pons and his team the importance of determining mitigation and conservation measures in areas that still conserve extensive jungles and that are not in any protected natural area, because they function as biological corridors for the jaguar and other animal species.

Among the sustainable management schemes under different conservation modalities that were proposed to be expanded in the region are the Areas Voluntarily Destined to Conservation (ADVC), the Units of Management for the Conservation of Wildlife (UMA) and the payment for services of CONAFOR, according to information from ANIMAL POLÍTICO.